It is traditionally known as Pampakshetra of Kishkindha. Hampi is situated on the southern bank of the river Tungabhadra in Karnataka. It is located within the ruins of the city of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. The empire boasted a massive army comprising close to a million men. In around 1500 AD Vijaynagar had about 500,000 inhabitants (supporting 0.1% of the global population during 1440-1540), making it the second largest city in the world. It is world heritage site since 1986.
Location of Group of Monuments at Hampi-
Pictures of Group of Monuments at Hampi-
(Picture of Vitthala Temple Complex)
Facts about Group of Monuments at Hampi-
1. Hampi is situated on the southern bank of the river Tungabhadra. Once it was the seat of the mighty Vijayanagara Empire.
2. The monuments of Vijayanagara city, also known as Vidyanagara in honour of the sage Vidyaranya were built between AD 1336-1570, from the times of Harihara-I to Sadasiva Raya.
3. A large number of royal buildings were constructed by Krishnadeva Raya (AD 1509-30), the greatest ruler of the dynasty.
4. Most of the structures at Hampi are constructed from local granite, burnt bricks and lime mortar.
5. Vijayanagara architecture is also known for its adoption of elements of Indo Islamic Architecture (like the Queen’s Bath and the Elephant Stables).
6. Dravidian architecture survives in the rest of Southern India spread through the patronage of the Vijayanagara rulers.
7. The Battle of Talikota (1565 CE) led to a massive destruction of its physical fabric.
8. These monuments are spread in an area of nearly 26 sq km and are stated to be enclosed by seven lines of fortifications.
9. Extensive remains of the palaces can be seen within innermost enclosure of the ancient Vijayanagara.
10. The various religious and secular structures which include Hindu and Jaina temples, audience hall of the king, the magnificent throne platform to witness the festivals and other events, the king's balance (Tulabhara) are amazing.
11. Temples of this city are noted for their large dimensions, florid ornamentation, bold and delicate carvings, stately pillars, magnificent pavilions and a great wealth of iconographic and traditional depictions which include subjects from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
12. The largest extant temple is of Pampapati (now in worship) was extensively renovated.
13. The Vitthala temple is an excellent example of Vijayanagara style. The monolithic statues of Lakshmi, Narasimha and Ganesa are noted for their massiveness and grace.
14. It is world heritage site since 1986.
15. Hampi has around 500 of monuments and other attractions. Some of them are named below:-
i. Virupaksha Temple,is the oldest and principal temple in Hampi. This temple located on the south bank of the river Tungabadr. It has been an important pilgrimage centre for the worshipers of lord Shiva.
ii. Hampi Bazaar, also known as Virupaksha Bazaar, this street is located in front of the Virupaksha temple.
iii. Courtesans' Street : Once the liveliest of all the temple streets in Hampi, the Courtesans' Street lies in front of the Achyuta Raya's Temple.
iv. Achyuta Raya's Temple : This temple is an example of Vijayanagara style temple architecture in its most advanced form than any other temples in Hampi. The temple dedicated to Lord Tiruvengalanatha, a form of Vishnu.
v. Sasivekalu Ganesha : Thanks to the resemblance the giant monolithic Ganesha statue is locally called Sasivekalu (mustard seed) Ganesha. This is located on the southern foothill of the Hemakuta Hill.
vi. Hazara Rama Temple : The first thing comes to mind on seeing this temple, or more precisely its walls, is the locally popular comic strips of Hindu mythology, Ramayana.
vii. Stone Doors : This is situated between the northwest corner of the Royal Enclosure and the mud track that goes around it.
viii. Mahanavami Dibba : When you would enter the Royal Enclosure you will find this as the tallest building in this area. The whole structure is made as a giant square structure in three layers.
ix. Zenana Enclosure : Zenana enclosure was a secluded area reserved for the royal women.
x. Palace of Vira Harihara : Like many other palatial structures in Hampi, all what you can see here is the ground level remains of the palace and associated structures. The base of this palace, along with a number of other residential artifacts, is located inside a compound that is at south of Hazara Rama Temple.
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For Zanana Enclosure and Vitthala Temple Complex
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