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List of Constitutional and Non-Constitutional Bodies in India

Constitutional Bodies are those bodies which are mentioned in the Indian Constitution to run the government properly. On the other hand some extra Constitutional bodies are established by the government after passing act in the Parliament; these bodies are also termed as Non-Constitutional Bodies (NCB) in India.
May 22, 2019 11:42 IST
    Constitutional bodies in India

    India is a democratic country which is run by the combination of Constitutional and Non-Constitutional Bodies in India.

    Definition of Constitutional Bodies: These are the bodies which are mentioned in constitution of India and so considered as independent and more powerful.

    Examples: Election Commission, Union Public Service Commission and National Commission for SCs and STs.

    List of the Constitutional Bodies in India is;

     Name of the Constitutional Body

     Mentioned in

      Current Chairman

     1. Election Commission

     Article 324

     Sunil Arora (23rd)

     2. Union Public Service Commission

     Article-315 to 323

     Arvind Saxena

     3. State Public Service Commission

     Article-315 to 323

     Different in every state

     4. Finance Commission

     Article-280

     Dr. Y. V Reddy (14th )

     5. National Commission for SCs

     Article-338

     Ram Shankar Katheria

     6. National Commission for STs

     Article-338 A

     Nand Kumar Sai

     7. Comptroller and Auditor General of India

     Article-148

     Rajiv Mehrishi

     8. Attorney General of India

     Article-76

     K. K. Venugopal

     9. Advocate General of the State

     Article-165

     Different in every state

     10. Special officer for linguistic Minoritie s

     Article-350 B

    ----

    Definition of Non-Constitutional Bodies: Non Constitutional or Extra Constitutional bodies are same. These bodies aren't defined in the Constitution of the country.  As Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is not a constitutional body because it was established in 1963 by a resolution of Ministry of Home Affairs.

    Hence these are bodies which are formed by executive resolution or action, which means that they are formed by government’s action.

    List of the Non-Constitutional Bodies in India is;

     Name of the Non- Constitutional Body

        Current Chairman

     1. NITI Aayog

     Narendra Modi

     2. National Development Council

     Narendra Modi

     3. National Human Right Commission

     Ex CJI H.L. Dattu

     4. State Human Right Commission

     Different in each state

     5. Central Bureau Of Investigation

     Rishi Kumar Shukla

     6. Central Vigilance Commission

     Shri K V Chowdary

     7. Lokpal and Lokayuktas

     Pinaki Chandra Ghose

     8.  State Information Commission

     Different in each state

     9. Central Information Commission

     Shri Sudhir Bhargava

    So from the above explanation it is clear that government bodies are more powerful and permanent in nature while on the other Non-Constitutional Bodies are made as per the requirements of the country and can be abolished if the executive thinks so. As we have seen it in the case of Planning Commission of India which was replaced by the NITI Aayog on January 1, 2015.

    The list of Non-Constitutional Bodies and Constitutional Bodies along with their respective chairmen is very important for various exams. Hence utmost care must be taken while going through this list.

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