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Pala Dynasty |List of Pala Rulers and their contributions

08-DEC-2017 12:40

    The Pala Dynasty, which originated in the region of Bengal as an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent. The dynasty was named after its ruling dynasty, whose rulers bore names ending with the suffix of Palau, which meant "protector". They were followers of the Mahayana and Tantric schools of Buddhism. They were insightful diplomats and military conquerors. Their army was equipped with war elephant cavalry. Here, we are giving the list of Pala Rulers and their contributions for general awareness.

    Pala Dynasty

    List of Pala Rulers and their contributions

    Name of Pala Rulers

    Contribution (s)

    Gopala I

    1. He was elected by a group of regional chieftains and then after he founded the dynasty.

    2. Ramacharita was written in his reign in which Pala rulers was as the descended of Solar Dynasty.

    Dharmapala

    1. He was real founder of Pala Dynasty because he greatly expanded the boundaries of the empire, and made the Palas a dominant power in the northern and eastern India.

    2. He was a great patron of Buddism.

    3. He revived the Nalanda university and founded the Vikramshila university.

    4. He built the great Vihara at Somapuri in Verendri and the Vihara in Paharpur.

    Devapala

    1. He was staunch Buddhist and constructed many temples and monasteries in Magadha.

    2. He patronized the Vikramashila University and the Nalanda University.

    3. Famous poet Vajradatta who was author of Lokesvarashataka, was one of the gems of his court.

    3. He expanded the realm of the authority of Pala Empire by conquering present day Assam and Orissa.

    Mahendrapala

    1. Jagjivanpur copper plate states that he was son of Devapala and  younger brother of Shurapala I.

    Shurapala I

    1. As per Jagjivanpur inscription, He was younger brother and royal envoy of Mahendrapala.

    Vigrahapala I

    1. He ruled for very short period and after that became ascetic.

    Narayanapala

    1. Badal pillar inscription of his minister Bhatta Guravamishra provide information about his reign.

    Rajyapala

    1. He was seventh ruler of the Pala dynasty and was succeeded by his son Gopala II.

    Gopala II

    1. He was eighth ruler of the Pala dynasty who ruled for 20 years and was succeeded by Vigrhapala.

    Vigrahapala II

    1. He was ninth ruler of Pala dynasty and was succeeded by Mahipala.

    Mahipala I

    1. He was one of the mighty rulers of Pala dynasty who expanded his boundaries as far as Varanasi.

    Nayapala

    1. He was eleventh ruler of Pala dynasty.

    2. He defeated the Kalachuri king Karna.

    Vigrahapala III

    1. He was twelfth ruler of the Pala dynasty and ruled for 15 years.

    2. He was succeeded by Mahipala II.

    Mahipala II

    1. He was thirteenth ruler of the Pala dynasty and ruled for 5 years.

    2. He was succeeded by Shurapala II.

    Shurapala

    1. He was fourteenth ruler of the Pala who ruled for two years.

    2. He was succeeded by Ramapala.

    Ramapala

    1. He was fifteenth ruler of the Pala dynasty.

    2. Sandhyakar Nandi, was his court poet who wrote a Sanskrit two meaning base poem-like novel Ramacharitam.

    Kumarapala

    1. He was sixteenth ruler of the Pala line reigning for 10 years.

    2. He was succeeded by Gopala III.

    Gopala III

    1. He was seventeenth ruler of the Pala dynasty and ruled for 4 years.

    2. He was succeeded by Madanapala.

    Madanapala

    1. He was eighteenth ruler of Pala lineage and ruled for 18 years.

    Govindapala

    1. He was last ruler of Pala dynasty but his lineage is questionable.

    The Pala Rulers were promoters of classical Indian philosophy, literature, painting and sculpture. They built grand temples and monasteries, including the Somapura Mahavihara, and patronised the great universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila. The Proto-Bengali language developed under the Pala rule. The empire enjoyed relations with the Srivijaya Empire, the Tibetan Empire and the Arab Abbasid Caliphate. Above list on Pala Rulers and their contributions will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

    “History of Medieval India”: A Complete Study Material

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