Narendra Modi was born on September 17, 1950 in a low- caste family, the son of street merchant and grew up in the town of Vadnagar in India. He helped his father by serving tea in Gujarat’s Vadnagar Railway Station. In the school he was an average student but he spent hours in the library and so known as strong debater.
At the age of 8 years he was associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and rose through it. Later he joined Bharatiya Janata Party in 1987, eventually becoming a national secretary. In October 2001, he was appointed as the Chief Minister of Gujarat and finally in 2014, he was elected as the Prime Minister of India.
Important Foreign Visits of PM Modi:
Till Sep 2016, approximately he has made 52 foreign trips covering six continents, visiting 43 countries.
1. First Foreign visit of PM Modi was on June 2014 in Bhutan at Paro and Thimpu.
Purpose - was State visit for regional co-operation. During the visit he met the King of Bhutan, King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and PM Tshering Tobgay. He addressed the Parliament of Bhutan, inaugurated the Supreme Court Complex, promised them for help in IT and digital sector and to expand bilateral trade.
• India and Bhutan have to achieve 10,000 MW target in hydropower cooperation.
• India also announced exemption of Bhutan from any ban on export of milk powder, wheat, edible oil, pulses and non-basmati rice.
• Modi announced doubling of scholarships being provided to Bhutanese students in India which will now be worth Rs 2 crore.
• India will also assist Bhutan in setting up a digital library which will provide access to Bhutanese youth to two million books and periodicals.
2. Brazil Visit at Fortaleza on July 2014.
Purpose – 6th BRICS Summit
Five major emerging national economies Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa together formed BRICS. The two components that make financial architecture of BRICS namely, New Development Bank (NDB) and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) were signed into treaty in 2014 and became active in 2015.
• In this summit, group agreed to establish financial institution by the western dominated World Bank and IMF.
• Its name was given by the Indian side as New development Bank, but it’s headquarter would be located in Shanghai, China.
• In Brasilia BRICS leader have attended an event and there they met UNASUR heads of government.
• External Affairs added Spanish to its list of available languages.
3. Australia Visit on November 2014.
Purpose: G-20 Brisbane Summit and India- Australia relations to promising freer trade and more investment in infrastructure.
• Priority areas of talk in G-20 Summit were resources, education, skills, agriculture, infrastructure, investments, financial services and health.
• In Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) realises the potential of commercial relations.
• India will host a Make in India event in Australia in 2015.
• Civil nuclear agreement of which Australia will supply uranium in coming years which will enhance India’s energy security.
• Cooperation on clean coal technology and in defence, counter terrorism and cyber policy.
• Collaboration on rejuvenating Ganga River- two- way exchanges and cooperation in river basin.
4. France visit on April 2015.
Purpose: India and France signed 20 Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) and Agreements on 10 April 2015 to give new impetus to bilateral co-operation between the two nations.
• India asked France to supply 36 Rafale fighter jets in ‘fly-away’ condition.
• MoU on cooperation in the field of renewable energy between the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) and France’s Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy.
• Railway protocol to establish cooperation between Indian and French Railways for semi-high speed rail and station renovation on upgradation of the Delhi-Chandigarh line to 200 kmph.
• MoU between ISRO and French National Centre for Space Studies (CNES) on the Indo-French Megha Tropiques satellite.
5. China visit on May 2015.
Purpose: Modi discussed issues with China related to border dispute , widening imbalance of trade, stapled visas and taking up of infrastructure projects in POK and economic matters.
• India signed MoU with China to set up an Industrial Park in India. Also China is conducting a study into a $36 billion train project from the capital in the north to Chennai in the South.
• Action plan on cooperation in setting up of the Mahatma Gandhi National Institute for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in Ahmedabad/Gandhinagar in Gujarat and MoU on education exchange programme.
• Space Cooperation Outline from 2015 to 2020 and a MoU between Doordarshan and China Central Television cooperation in the field of broadcasting.
6. Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan) visits on July 2015.
Purpose: Modi became the first PM to visit these Central Nations in one trip. Main purpose was to enhance trade, cooperation in energy and security. Also, in Russia PM participated in the 7th BRICS Summit and SCO Summit in Ufa to give an impetus to strategic, economic and energy ties.
• The theme of this summit was ‘A powerful factor for Global Development, emphasising on economic cooperation.
• Emphasised on Digital technology.
• Modi ji proposed for the BRICS Agricultural Research centre and BRICS Sports Council and Annual BRICS Sports Meet.
• He also proposed to create a currency pool under Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) in order to reduce the monopoly of global transaction though western currencies.
• BRICS also talked to open a New Development Bank as an alternative to IMF and World Bank. It will be situated in Shanghai and will be headed by K.V Kamath for first six years, followed by five-year terms each for Brazil and Russia.
• BRICS also adopted an ‘Action Plan’ that maps the 2016 trajectory of group.
• Russia-suggested “Strategy of BRICS Economic Partnership,” a blueprint for the group’s trade, ventures and business ties up to 2020.
7. Japan visit on Aug-Sep 2015
Purpose: First bilateral state visit outside the subcontinent.
• Japan will support in building infrastructure in India and will also fund for bullet trains.
• Modi Sticked to his ‘Make in India’ slogan and his 3D mantra- Democracy, Demography and Demand.
• Japan and India have upgraded their partnership to the level of ‘Special Strategic and Global Partnership’ for regional stability and Tokyo’s decision to double FDI in India.
8. United States visit on September 2015.
Purpose: He had attended a summit on peacekeeping forces hosted by Barack Obama. And also joined in for a Town hall Q&A hosted by Face book CEO Mark Zuckerberg. After Indira Gandhi in 1982, Modi is the first PM to visit California, US.
• India demanded for a permanent membership in Security Council.
• Joint statement of Modi and Obama for cooperation in various fields including defence, intelligence, counter-terrorism, space exploration etc.
• Madison Square Garden pitch-3D Mantra, skill development, talent pool and India’s bright economic prospects.
• Discussed about International tourism.
• Sharif demanded at the UNGA on 26 September, on Kashmir matter that his government is ready for bilateral talk.
• Modi discussed about the Climate Change and clean energy and asked world leaders to observe Yoga Day.
• 10 Smart city assistance — Ajmer, Allahabad, Vishakhapatnam–CISCO.
9. Turkey visit on November 2015.
In Turkey Modi attended G20 summit which focussed current state of global economy, sustainable growth, climate change etc.
• Collective response to refugee crisis..
• Jobs, growth and investment.
• Trade opening and social inclusion.
• Fight against tax evasion and tax avoidance.
• Trade opening and US negotiations on Climate Change.
10. Russia visit on December 2015.
Purpose: 16th Annual Summit talks between Russia and India.
• In the 16th Annual Summit they focussed on stepping up economic engagement and strategic ties.
• Cooperation in diamond trade and agro business.
• Deals in defence sector which includes joint manufacturing of 200 Kamov-226T helicopters and purchase of Russian S-400 Triumf air defence missile systems to unveil the mystery of the disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
11. Uzbekistan visit on June 2016.
Purpose: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit or Shanghai Pact was there in Tashkent, Uzbekistan in which India and Pakistan signed a memorandum of obligations on 24 June 2016, thereby starting a formal process of the SCO as a full member.
• In the Summit, issues related to strengthen stability and security in Central Asia will be undertaken.
• Expansion of SCO’s contacts with other International organisation and states.
• India and Pakistan signed a memorandum of obligation for obtaining SCO member states status.
• And next meeting will be in Astana in 2017 at Kazakhstan.
12. China visit on Sep 2016.
Purpose: 11th G20 Summit.
• He went to China to attend 11th G20 Summit in Hangzhou (4th – 5th Sep 2016). It was the first ever G20 summit to be hosted in China and the second Asian country after 2010, G20 Seoul summit was hosted in South Korea.
• Talks were held to promote International trade, to reduce pollution in China, to reduce global warming, to boost economic growth etc.
• The G20 agreed to use all the policy levers individually and collectively and these are: Monetary, fiscal and structural.
• To provide skill training and increase investments in health i.e to reduce excessive inequality and raise economic prospects.
13. Laos visit on September 2016.
Purpose: 11th East Asia Summit at Vientiane, Laos on 6 to 8 Sep 2016.
• To strengthen India’s trade and security ties with the strategic Southeast Asian region. India is a founding member of the East Asia Summit.
• Implementation of the six priority areas of the EAS, namely finance, education, energy and environment, global health and communication diseases, disaster management and ASEAN connectivity, its decisions and outcomes of previous summits.