CTET February 2016: Social studies notes 1

Feb 12, 2016 11:52 IST

    Important notes and sample questions on Indian constitution (for Paper II, CTET 2016)

    As, it is less than half a month to go for CTET exam 2016, I hope preparations for exam are going in full swing. Social Studies/Social Sciences is one of the elective subjects of paper II of CTET. The constitution is one of the important and interesting parts under the head Social and Political Life. The current article gives a glimpse of Indian constitution followed by some sample question on the same. The pointwise facts of our constitution are as follows:
    •The constitution of India was framed by the Constitution Assembly of India setup under Cabinet Mission Plan of May 16, 1946.
    •The Constituent Assembly was consisted of 385 members; of which 292 were elected by he elected members of the Provincial Legislative Assemblies while 93 members were nominated by the Princely States.
    •The Constitutional Advisor of the Assembly was B. N. Rao.  
    •The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly took place on Dec 9, 1946.
    •The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was headed by Dr. Sachidanand Sinha, the interim President.
    •Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as its President on Dec 11, 1947.
    •The members of the Drafting Committee were as follows:
    •Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
    •N. Gopalaswami Ayyar
    •K. M. Munshi
    •Syyed Mohd. Saadulla
    •N. Madhav Rao
    •D. P. Khaitan (T. Krishnamachari, after the Death of D. P. Kahitanin 1948)
    •It was finally passed and accepted on Nov 26, 1949.
    •The first session of the Assembly was held on Jan 24, 1950, which unanimously elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the President of India.
    •The Constitution of India was adopted on November 26, 1949, while it came into force on January 26, 1950.
    •The Constitution of India was handwritten and calligraphed in both English and Hindi.
    •The original copies of the Constitution of India are kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
    •The concepts of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity were taken from the constitution of France.
    •The concept of five year plans was taken from the USSR.
    •Independence of Judiciary was taken from the US Constitution.
    •Fundamental Rights and Preamble was taken from the US Constitution.
    •System of single citizenship was taken from the UK Constitution.

    CTET 2016: Child development & Pedagogy notes

    •Parliamentary Democracy was taken from the UK Constitution.
    •The Directive principles were taken from Ireland.
    •The law on which the Supreme Court functions was taken from Japan.
    •Our constitution is the longest written constitution of any independent country in the world.
    •The Constitution of India has 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments.
    •The constitution came into effect on January 26, 1050
    •The national emblem of India was adopted on the same day.
    •Indian constitution has only seen 94 amendments.
    •Under its Part IIIC (Articles 12-35), the Constitution of India grants and guarantees Fundamental Rights to its citizens.
    •Initially, seven Fundamental Rights were granted but later the Right to Property was deleted from the list of Fundamental Rights (44th Amendment Act 1979) their number came down to six.
    •Right to Equality
    •Right to Freedom
    •Right against Exploitation
    •Right to Freedom of Religion
    •Cultural and Educational Right
    •Right to Constitutional Remedies
    •Article 368 deals with the power of Amendment to the parliament by 2/3rd of the MPs present and voting in both of the houses and same time needs to be ratified by half of the states, if the parliament is amending any article that will affect the states.
    •National Emergency Provision (Article 352) deals with an emergency resulting from war or external aggression
    •Constitutional Emergency Provision in a State (Article 356) deals with an emergency resulting from the failure of constitutional machinery in any state; or some states.
    •Financial Emergency Provision (Article 360) deals with an emergency resulting from a threat to financial stability of India.
    •Article 370provides the state of Jammu and Kashmir to enjoy special autonomous powers on all matters except for the matters on national importance such as Communications, Defence, Finance, and Foreign Affairs. J & K has its own constitution.
    •Presidents of India and their Tenure

    S. No.

    Name of the President

    Tenure

    1

    Dr. Rajendra Prasad

    26.01.1950 to 13.05.1962

    2

    Dr. S. Radhakrishan

    13.05.1962 to 13.05.1967

    3

    Dr. Zakhir Hussain

    13.05.1967 to 03.05.1969

    4

    V. V. Giri

    03.05.1969 to 20.07.1969

    5

    Justice M. Hidayatullah

    20.07.1969 to 24.08.1969

    6

    V. V. Giri

    24.08.1969 to 24.08.1974

    7

    F. Ali Ahmed

    24.08.1974 to 11.02.1977

    8

    B. D. Jatti

    11.02.1977 to 25.07.1977

    9

    N. Sanjiva Reddy

    25.07.1977 to 25.07.1982

    10

    Gaini Jail Singh

    25.07.1982 to 25.07.1987

    11

    R. Venkataraman

    25.07.1987 to 25.07.1992

    12

    Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma

    25.07.1992 to 25.07.1997

    13

    K. R. Narayanan

    25.07.1997 to 25.07.2002

    14

    Dr.  A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

    25.07.2002 to 24.07.2007

    15

    Mrs. Pratibha Patil

    25.07.2007 to 24.07.2012

    16

    Mr. Pranab Mukherjee

    25.07.2012 to Till date

    CTET 2016: Science study material

    •Prime Ministers of India and their Tenure

    S. No.

    Name of the PM

    Tenure

    1

    Jawahar Lal Nehru

    15.08.1947 to 27.05.1964

    2

    Gulzari Lal Nanda

    27.05.1964 to 09.06.1964

    3

    Lal Bahadur Shastri

    09.06.1964 to 11.01.1966

    4

    Gulzai Lal Nanda

    11.01.1966 to 24.01.1966

    5

    Indira Gandhi

    24.01.1966 to 24.03.1977

    6

    Morarji Desai

    24.03.1977 to 28.07.1979

    7

    Charan Singh

    28.07.1979 to 14.01.1980

    8

    Indira Gandhi

    14.01.1980 to 31.10.1984

    9

    Rajiv Gandhi

    31.10.1984 to 01.12.1989

    10

    V. P. Singh

    01.12.1989 to 10.11.1990

    11

    Chandra Shekhar

    10.11.1990 to 21.06.1991

    12

    P. V. Narsimha Rao

    21.06.1991 to 16.05.1996

    13

    Atal Bihari Vajpayee

    16.05.1996 to 01.06.1996

    14

    H. D. Deve Gowda

    01.06.1996 to 21.04.1997

    15

    I. K. Gujral

    21.04.1997 to 19.03.1998

    16

    Atal Bihari Vajpayee

    19.03.1998 to 13.10.1999

    17

    Atal Bihari Vajpayee

    13.10.1999 to 22.05.2004

    18

    Dr. Manmohan Singh

    22.05.2004 to 26.-5.2014

    19

    Narendra Modi

    26.05.2014 to Till-date

    We always suggest studying the subject in detail (hope by the time candidates have gone through the details of our constitution). The above short facts/ highlights/ notes/ points on constitution of India may be useful for candidates for last minute revision.

    Sample questions on polity and constitution:

    1. The Constitution of India was adopted by constituent assembly on:
    A.26January, 1950
    B.15 August, 1947
    C.26 November, 1948
    D.26 November, 1949

    2. The Constitution of India came into effect from:
    A.15 January, 1950
    B.26 January, 1950
    C.15 August, 1947
    D.26 November, 1948

    3. The chairman of Drafting Committee for constitution of India was:
    A.N Gopalaswamy
    B.K. M Munshi
    C.N Madhava Rao
    D.Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

    4. Which of the following Articles is related with "Abolition of Untouchability" ?
    A.Article 20
    B.Article 19
    C.Article 18
    D.Article 17

    5. How many Schedules are there in Constitution of India?
    A.10 Schedules
    B.12 Schedules
    C.16 Schedules
    D.26 Schedules

    6. The maximum number of Anglo Indians who can be nominated to the Rajya Sabha are:
     A.3
     B.2
     C.5
     D.4

    7. The state having the largest representation in the Lok Sabha is:
     A.Bihar
     B.Maharashtra
     C.Madhya Pradesh
     D.Uttar Pradesh

    Answers; 1- D,    2- B,    3- D,    4- D,    5- B,    6- B,    7- D,

    I hope, above sample questions will give an idea of a pattern and the level of questions may be asked in CTET examination.

    CTET 2016: Social Science study notes

     

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