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SSC GK : Chemicals and its uses

Chemicals are very commonly available and useful substances for Medical practices, Beverage production, Clothes dyeing & Paints,Making Fertilizers, Household Items, Defense Purposes as well as in making various edible Products, etc.

Dec 11, 2015 17:36 IST
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 Chemicals are very commonly available and useful substances for Medical practices, Beverage production, Clothes dyeing & Paints,Making Fertilizers, Household Items, Defense Purposes as well as in making various edible Products, etc. It is also a Multibillion industry.Some commonly available chemicals are mentioned below: -

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Aluminium

Aluminium

Al

Heat resistant clothing, Cookware,Greenhouses & Window Frames, in the making of Aircraft, Lightweighted Vehicles and ladders etc.

Acetic Acid

White Vinegar

CH3COOH + H2O

In Grocery Store and Photography Store.

Acetylsalicylic Acid

Aspirin

C9H8O4

Pharmacy: - Aspirin

Ammonium Chloride

Soldering Flux

NH4Cl

Hardware Store :- Plumbing, Soldering iron stuffs and used as Dark Chemical in Photography.

Ascorbic acid

Vitamin C

C6H8O6

Vitamin C tablets.

Argon

Argon Gas

Ar

Welding and inert filler gas inside incandescent lighting equipments such as Bulbs, CFLs.

Amylose

Cornstarch

(C6H9O5)n

In Grocery Store

Ammonium Phosphate

Fertilizer

(NH4)3PO4

Used as fertilizer in Gardens & Agricultural Lands

Aluminium Sulphate

Flocculating Powder

Al2(SO4)3

Household Uses: - Stypmtic Pencils, Gardening, Water Treatment, Paper Making and Dyeing Fabrics.

Acetylene Gas

Ethyne

C2H2

Carburization, welding, Portable Lighting, Mass Spectrometer  and Radiocarbon Dating

Ammonium Hydroxide

Ammonia

 NH3; NH4OH

Fertilizers, Explosives, Hair Care, Plastics, Refrigerators, Auto-care:- tire inflaters, Metal Cleaners, polishes, Shaving Cream, Acne Treatments, Lotions , etc.

Aluminium potassium Sulphate

Alum

KAl(SO4)2.12H2O

Water Purification, Flame Retardant, Skin Whitener, Some types of Toothpastes, Pickling Agent and in Styptic pencils.

Ammonium Bromide

Ammonium Bromide

NH4Br

Fireproofing of Wood, Corrosion inhibitors,Pharmaceutical preparations, Lithography and process engraving

Ammonium Carbonate

Smelling Salts

(NH4)2CO3

Leavening agents, Acidity regulator, Smelling Salts, Cough Syrup

Acetone

Acetone

CH3COCH3

Solvent, Skin lightening Products, Bath & Fragrance products

Ammonium Bi-Fluoride

Ammonium hydrogen fluoride

NH4HF2

Glass Processing, Toilet Bowl Cleaner, Rust Stain remover, Car body Cleaner, etc.

Ammonium Nitrate

Ammonium Nitrate

NH4NO3

Used in Fertilizers and Explosives.

Aluminium Hydroxide

Alumina Hydrate

Al(OH)3

Excellent Fire Retardant, Preparation of tetanus injections, Skin Protectant, Flame resistant, Water purification & Sewage Treatment, etc.

Aluminium Oxide

Alumina

Al2O3

Glass Making, Gas Purification, Plastics making, Blush, Lipstick and Nail polishing, Alcohol dehydration, Paints,Composite Fiber,Abrasion Protection,etc.

Ammonium Persulphate

Etching Solution

(NH4)2S2O8

Used as radical initiators in the polymerization of certain Alkenes, Hair Bleach, etc.

Ammonium Bi- carbonate

Baker’s Ammonia

(NH4)HCO3

Nitrogen Fertilizer, raising agents for cookies and crackers, Ceramic manufacturing, etc.

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Barium Carbonate

 

BaCO3

Ceramic industry,  Acts as a Flux agent, a matting agent, Crystallizing Agent, Earthenware & pottery industries.

Barium Sulphate

Lithopone

BaSO4

In photography for coating papers, Drilling Fluids, paper brightener, X-Ray Imaging, Root canal fillings, Powder Coatings

Bismuth

Lead free Shot/Sinkers

Bi

Used for non toxic replacement for bullets, Shot and fishing Sinkers, Production Malleable iron

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoic acid peroxide

C14H10O4

Bleaching Hair, Tooth whitening Systems, used as initiator & catalyst of polyester Thermoset, Ink & stain remover, Acne treatment, Antibiotics.

Butane

Butane

C4H10

Base petrochemicals in steam cracking, fuel in cigarette lighters, propellant in aerosol sprays as Deodorants, Gasoline blending.

Bromthymol blue

pH Test

C27H28Br2O5S

Works as a respiratory indicator for observing photosynthesis activities, used in obstetrics.

Boric acid

Ant/Roach Killer

H3BO3

To prevent Boron deficiencies in plants, Pyrotechnics, pH buffer, insecticides, used in antiseptics , , antibacterial & antibiotics, preservation of wood, timbers, Sheepskins, cattle hides.

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Caffeine

No-Doz

C8H10N4O2

Used in Coffee, Tea, Cola, Mate etc. as a mental alertness improver.

 Calcium Carbide

      ----

CaC2

Production of Acetelyne, Calcium Cyanamide (Fertilizer), Steel making, Carbide lamps.

Calcium Carbonate

LimeStone

CaCO3

Marble, Limestone, Precipitated Chalk, Marble Chips, Some Antacids, Paint making etc.

Calcium chloride

Laundry Aid/Road Salt/De-Icer

CaCl2

Highway maintenance, Chemical manufacturing, Cement, Food, Construction, Drying air & gasses, Automotive & Aluminium, Mining, Paper Manufacturing, Petroleum.

Calcium Hypochlorite

Bleaching Powder

Ca(ClO)2

Chloroform Manufacturing, Sterlization of Drinking Water, making of Unshrinkable Wool, oxidizing agent, Bleaching agent for cotton, linen & Wood Pulp.

Calcium oxide

Quicklime

CaO

Cement Production, Biodiesel production, Paper, Plaster & in fuel-gas desulphurization.

Calcium  Hydroxide

Slaked Lime

Ca(OH)2

Pesticides, Ebonite, Whitewash, Mortar, Plaster, Production of calcium Stearate, Antimicrobial & Antifungal Preservative, Hair Removal Creams, Endodontic Therapy,Brake Pads, painting & decorating, in Food industry etc.

Calcium Nitrate

Norwegian saltpeter

 

Ca(NO3)2·4H2O

Fertilizers, Waste water treatments, Concrete, Cold packs etc.

Cadmium Sulfide

Cadmium yellow

CdS

Pigment, Photo resistors, Tatto’s Color

Calcium sulphate dehydrate

Gypsum

CaSO4·2H2

Making of Portland Cement, Fertilizer & Soil Conditioner, Water Hardening, Shampoos & other hair products etc.

Camphor

Camphor

C10H16O

Explosives, Pest detterent & preservative, Culinary, Medicinal like antimicrobial & anesthetic etc.

Calcium sulfate hemihydrate

Plaster of Paris

CaSO4·1/2H2

For healing of Broken & Fractured bones, Making statues, toys & surgical instruments, Construction industry etc.

Carbon

Carbon

C

Graphite, Carbon Fiber, Carbon Monoxide, Fossil Fuels, Clay, Charcoal, Diamond etc.

Carbonic Acid

 

H2CO3

Dermatitides Treatment, Antidepressants, Sodium bicarbonate, Hypotension, etc.

Cellulose

 

(C6H10O5)n

Paper Products, Fibers, Consumables, Energy Crops, Biofuel, Water & fire Resistant Products,Nitrocellulose( Smokeless Gunpowder), Water soluble adhesives & Binders, etc.

Citric Acid

Sour Salt

C6H8O7

Cleaning Products, Soda & Fizzy Drinks, Chelating Agent,Steel Rust dissolver, Cosmetics & Pharmaceuticals, Food Dyeing, Passivation of stainless steel, Photography

Copper

Copper

Cu

Production of Electrical Wires & cables, Electric Motors, all electronics, Architecture, Antimicrobial & Antibiofueling Applications, Folk medicine, Compression Clothing, Glassmaking, etc.

Copper Naphthenate

Cupric Naphthenate

Cu(C11H10O2)2

Wood preservatives, Linseed Oil & petroleum distillate Solvents.

Copper sulphate

Cupric sulphate

CuSO4

Herbicide, Fungicide, Pesticide, Firework Manufacture, Anemia Blood testing, Barium Flame test, Intaglio Printmaking, Dyeing

Copper sulfate Pentahydrate

Blue vitriol

CuSO45H2O

Rootkiller, Gardening, Agricultural Supply, Algaecides, Pest Control

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Dextrose

Glucose, Corn Syrup

C6H12O6

Grocery Purpose

Dichloromethane

Methylene chloride

CH2Cl2

Paint Stripper, Degreaser, Aerosol Spray Propellant, Tea, Decaffeinate Coffee

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Ether

Ethoxyethane

(C2H5)2O

Alcohols, Phenols, Manufacturing of Perfumes & Flavours, Anaesthetic Drugs

Eugenol

Oil of Clove

CH2CH2CH2C6H3(OCH3)OH

Perfumeries, Flavourings, Antiseptic & anaesthetics, In Dentistry for restorative & Prosthodontic applications, Antioxidants for Plastics & Rubbers

Ethanol

Everclear

C2H5OH

Antiseptic, Antitussive, Antidote for Methanol Poisoning, Psychoactive Drug, Rocket Fuels, Fuel cells, Engine Fuel, Feedstock, Household Heating, Paints & Tinctures, Markers products.

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Formic Acid

Methanoic acid

HCOOH

Preservative & antibacterial agents in livestock Feed, Rubber Production, Leather production, Limescale Remover, Toilet Bowl Cleaner

Fructose Acid

Fruit Sugar

C6H12O6

Digestion, Metabolism, For Proper functioning of Liver, Gout, Appetite Control

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Glycerin

 

C3H8O3

Making Skin Products like Skin Toner & Moisturizer

Gold

 

Au

Gold Jewellery manufacturing

Gum Arabic

Gum acacia

CH4O3S

Binder for watercolor painting, Ceramics, Photography, Pyrotechnics, Printmaking

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Hydrogen Gas

 

Hydrogen

H2

Used as Fuels, Hydrogen Bombs, Shielding & Welding, Coolant, Energy carrier, Semiconductor Industry

Hydrochloric Acid

Masonry Cleaner

HCl

Steel Picklings, Inorganic/Organic Compounds production, pH Control & neutrilization of waste streams, Ion exchanger regeneration

Hexamine

Hexamethylenetetramine

C6H12N4

Food Additive, Solid Fuel, Explosives, reagent in organic Chemistry

Helium

 

He

Treating Asthma,Emphysema, Space Technology as Fuel, Barcode Reading

Hydro Fluoric Acid

Glass Etching Solution

HF

Oil refining, Fluorides Production, Etchant & Cleaning Agent, Production of Organofluorine compounds, Petroleum industry, Automatic fire Suppression

Hydrogen peroxide

Peroxide

H2O2

Disinfectants, Hair Bleaching, Nail Whitening, Foot Fungus Treatment, Anti Bacterial

Hypochlorous acid

Laundry Bleach

HClO

Grocery store

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Iodine

Iodide

I2

Radiation Exposure, Sterlizing agent, Boosting Metabolism, Breast Health, Neurological Health

Iron

 

Fe

Manufacturing of all ware

Iron sulphate

Ferrous sulphate

FeSO4

Textile industry for making Colors, Nutrient for Garden Supply

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Ferric Chloride

Etching Solution

FeCl3

Circuit Boards, Fine Art supply

Ferric Oxide

Rust

Fe2O3

Iron Industry for making Iron, steel & many alloys, Polishing, Making color Pigment, Medcine, Photocatalyst, Magnetic recording

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Kerosene Oil

Aviation Fuel

CnH2n+1(n=12–16)

Lamps, Paint industry and Hardware stores

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Lactic Acid

Milk Acid

C3H6O3

Blood testing, Pharmaceutical & Cosmetic applications, Foods, Detergents

Lead

 

Pb

Chargeable Batteries, Pigments, Rolled Extrusions, Ammunition, Cable sheathing, Production of other lead alloys.

Latex

Liquid latex body paint

C3H6O3

Natural rubber, Mattresses, Gloves, balloons, Gutta Percha, Chewing gum, Coatings, Glues

Linseed Oil

 

 

Paint Binder, Wood Finish, Gilding, Nutritional Supplement & Food.

Lithium

 

Li

Portable Battery, Works as Flux in the Processing of Ceramics & Glass, Lubricating Greases, Mettalurgy, Treating of Bipolar Disorder, Nuclear Science, Pyrotecnics, Air Purification, Making of Optical devices, Military applications as Rocket Fuels.

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Magnesium

Fire Starter

Mg

Aircraft, Automotive, Electronics, Flash photography, Flares, Pyrotechnics, Firework Sparklers, Manufacturing of Beverage cans, Fishing reels, Dry Cell Battery Walls, Engine manufacturing

Magnesium Hydroxide

Milk of Magnesia

Mg(OH)2

Antiperspirant, Antacid & Laxatives, Fire Retardant

Magnesium Carbonate

Athlete’s Chalk

MgCO3

Flooring, Fire Proofing, Cosmetics, Dusting Powder, toothpaste, fire Extinguishing Compositions, Smoke Suppressant, Drying Agent

Magnesium sulphate

Epsom Salt

MgSO47H2O

Medicines, Fertilizers, Pregnancy to decrease the risk of Cerebral palsy, Photographic Development

Magnesium Silicate

Talc

Mg3Si4O10(OH)2

Purifying adsorbent, Anti-caking Agent, Catalyst carrier, Making of talcum Powder, Food Additive

Magnesium Chloride

Nigari

MgCl2

Soil Stablization, Wind erosion mitigation, De-icing of Highways, Nutritional Supplements, Gardening & Horticulture, Culinary use

Mercury

Quicksilver

Hg

Barometers, Manometers, Thermometer, insecticides, Disinfectant, Vermillion

Manganese DiOxide

Pyrolusite

MnO2

Thiol Oxidation, Oxidative Coupling, Aromatization, inorganic pigment in ceramics & Glass making, Body & Cave Painting

Methanol

Methyl Alchohol

CH3OH

Fuel for vehicles, Destaining agent, Energy carrier, Safety in automotive fuels

Methyl ethyl Ketone

MEK

CH3COC2H5

Low boiling Solvent, Rubber based industrial Cements & printing inks, Catalyst in Polymerisation

Methylene Blue

Methidote

C16H18ClN3S

Endoscopic polypectomy, Dye in Chromoendoscopy, Used for treating small Injured fishes

Methylene chloride

DiChloromethane

CH2Cl2

Used as degreaser, adhesive remover, Klean strip graffiti remover, Choke & Valve Cleaners, Hardware & Automotive  Store

Monosodium Glutamate

MSG

C5H8NO4Na

Flavour enhancer

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formulae

Their Uses

Nitrogen

Liquid Nitrogen

N2

Manufacturing of Steel, Photolithography, Fire Suppresion System, dielectric gas, Filing Tires, in the production of Nitrogen Compounds, Incandescent light Bulbs

Nickel

 

Ni

Making Utensils

Nitrous Oxide

Laughing gas

N2O

Rocket motors as an oxidizer, Internal combustion Engine, Aerosol propellant, Anesthetic in Dentistry/ medical purposes, Recreational purposes

Naphthalene

Moth Balls

C10H8

Wetting agent & surfactant, Fumignant, Solvent for several chemical reactions e.g. Durene

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formula

Their Uses

Oxygen

 

O2

Steel industry, Medical, Precursor to PVC, manufacturing of Polyester,Nitric acid,Hydrogen Peroxide, Antifreezer, Welding & Cutting Metals

Oxalic Acid

Rust Remover

C2H2O4

Mordant in Dyeing, Baking Powder, Cleaning & Bleaching, Works as a reagent in Lanthanide chemistry

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formula

Their Uses

Phenol

 

C6H5OH

Antiseptic, Paint Stippers, Epoxy, Polyurethane, hair Colorings, Skin Lightening, Sunscreens, Bakelite, Pharmaceutical Drugs

Paraffin

 

CnH2n+2 (n>19)

Medicine, Agriculture, Cosmetics, Fuel in Rockets & Jet Engines, Lamps & Lanterns as fuel, Lubricants, Coolants, insecticides, Treating eczema, Constipation, Dry Skin, Ashesive and water proofing Agent

Phenolphthalein

 

C20H14O4

Indicator in acid-base titrations, Laxatives

para-dichlorobenzene

Moth Crystals

C6H4Cl2

Disinfectant, Pesticide, Deodorant, Precursor to various Chemical reactions

Phosphoric Acid

 


H3PO4

Acidification of Foods & Beverages, Rust Removal, Dentistry, Flux, Sanitizing Agent, pH adjuster in Cosmetics & Skin care Products, Electrolyte in Fuel Cells

Polystyrene

Casting resin

 

Insulation, Food packaging, Hardware Manufacturing, Road Bank stabilization System

Polyurethane

 

 

Furniture & Bedding, building insulation, Refrigerators & Frezers, Footwear, Automotive, Coatings & Adhesives

Potassium Aluminium Sulphate

Alum

KAl(SO4)2·12H2O

Manufacturing of Soda Alum,Ferric Alum, Flame Retardants, Antipersperant, Antibacterial, Blood Coagulant, Chemical Flocculant, Tanning of Animal Hides, Paper marbling.

Potassium Carbonate

Potash

K2CO3

Soil Fertilizers, water softening, Cement, fire extinguishers, food products, Photographic Chemicals, Textiles, Synthetic Rubber production, Baking Soda, Metal Electroplating

Potassium Bromide

 

KBr

Optics, Photography

Potassium Chloride

 

KCl

Fertilizer, Food processing, Radiation monitoring equipment, Fire Extinguishing Agent, Aluminium gas welding, Crystallization of Sodium acetate

ePotassium Dichromate

 

K2Cr2O7

Cleaner for Glassware, Cement, Photography, Wood treatment

Potassium Hydroxide

Caustic Potash

KOH

Biodiesel manufacturing, Soft soaps manufacturing, Electrolyte in Alkaline Batteries , industrial detergents

Potassium Iodide

Radiation Pills

KI

Thyroid treatment,Salt Production, Photographic Development Chemical

Potassium MetaBiSulfite

Campden Tablets

K2S3O5

Wine & Beer industry, Lemon Juice Preservative, Dyeing & Cotton Printing, Bleaching agent in Coconut Cream Production

Potassium Nitrate

Salt Peter

KNO3

Making of Toothpastes, Asthma Treatment, Fertilizer Production, Food Preservatives, Nitric Acid Production, Oxidizer

Potassium Permanganate

Clear Water


KMnO4

Water treatment & disinfection, Synthesis of ascorbic acid, saccharin, Bleaching agent, Fruit preservation,

Potassium Sodium tartrate

Rochelle salt

NaKC4H4O6 * 4H2O

Drug Store

Propane

 


C3H8

As a Fuel for various purposes.

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formula

Their Uses

Silicon Carbide

Carborandum

SiC

Used in Abrasive Maching & Cutting Metals, Automobile Parts, Electronic Circuit Elements, LEDs, Astronomy, SiC filaments in thin film pyrometry, Jewelry, Steel Production, Graphene Production, Nuclear Fuel Cladding

Silicon Dioxide

Sand, Silica

SiO2

Production of Glass & Silicon, Sand Casting, Food & Pharmaceutical Applications

Silver

 

Ag

As Currency, Jewelry & Silverware, Solar Energy, Air Conditioning, Water Purification Process, Glass Coatings, Photography & Electronics, Dentistry, Some Medicines

Sodium Acetate

Hand Warmer

NaC2H3O2

Textile industry, Synthetic rubber production,in Foods for Salt & Vinegar flavor, Heating pads & Hand Warmer

Sodium bicarbonate

Baking Soda

NaHCO3

Pest Control, pH balancer, Fire Extinguiser, Paint & corrosion removal, Cooking as baking soda, Neutralisation of acids & bases, Cleaning Agent, food Supplements for Cattles, Bio-pesticide

Sodium borate

 

Na2B4O710H2O

Water Softening agent, Fire Retardant, Anti-fungal, Forge welding, Woodworm treatment, Preservative in taxidermy, Food Additive, Vitamin Supplements, Micronutrient Fertilizers,Neutron absorber

Sodium Carbonate

Washing Soda

Na2CO3

Electrolyte, lyeing, treating Woolen Clothing

Sodium Chlorate

 

NaClO3

Herbicides, Chemical oxygen generation

Sodium Chloride

Salt

NaCl

Fire Fighting, Cleanser, optical usage, Flavour enhancer, preservative, Binder, Fermentation control additive, Soda Ash industry

Sodium Fluoride

 

NaF

Water treatment, Extractive metallurgy, Cavity prevention, Medical imaging

Sodium Hydroxide

Lye, Caustic Soda

NaOH

Chemical Pulping, Food production, Cleaning agent, Esterification & Transesterification reagents

Sodium HypoChlorite

Bleach

NaClO

Bleaching, Stain removal, Disinfection, Deodorizing, treat cyanide waste water, medicine for eczema

Sodium Nitrate

Chile Saltpeter


NaNO3

 

Fertilizers, Gunpowder making, treating of dentine hypersensitivity

Sodium Phosphate

 

Na3PO4

Emulsifiers, Thickening agents, leavening agents, detergents

Sodium silicate

Egg preserver, Water Glass

Na2SiO3, Na2Si3O7

Drilling Fluids, Adhesive, Water treatment, Car engine disablement, Cement uses, Aquaculture, Automotive repair

Sodium sulphate

 

Na2SO4

Wood pulp Manufacturing, Textile industry, Laxative,Heat Storage in Solar heating systems, Starch Manufacturing, De-frosting windows, Thermal storage

Sodium thiosulphate

Hypo


Na2S2O3

Neutralizing cyanide poisoning, Antifungal agent, Iodometry, Photographic processing, Gold extraction, Chlorinated water, Bleach Neutrilizer, Leather tanning, hand warmers  & heating pads

Stearic Acid

Candle hardener

C17H35CO2H

Soaps, cosmetics & detergents production, Lubricants & softening agent, Dietary supplements

Steel

Stainless steel


Fe alloyed with C and depending on type, possibly also Ni, B, V, Cr among others

All kinds of hardware

Sulphur

 

S

Fertilizers, Sulphuric Acid, Vulcanization of Rubber, Fungicide & Pesticide, Bactericide in wine making & food preservation, Treatment of Skin disease

Sulphuric acid

Vitriol

H2SO4

Catalyst, Electrolyte, Industrial Cleaning agent

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formula

Their Uses

Tannic acid

Tannin

C76H52O46

Chemical staining of Wood, Corrossion treatment, Beer Clarification, Color stabilizer & taste enhancer, Aromic compound in Soft  drinks & juices, treating leucorrhea

Tartaric Acid

Wine preservative

C4H6O6

Effervescent salt production, Cough syrup, Chelating Acid, Soil Fertilizer, Wine industry

Thymolphthalein

Disappearing ink

C28H30O4

Grocery store as blue disappearing ink

Titanium dioxide

Titanium white

TiO2

Cleaving protein, Solar Cells as solid electrolytes, Semiconductor

Toluene

Cellulose thinner

C6H5CH3

Fuel, Solvents for Paints, paint thinners, Silicone sealents, Haemoglobin extractor, Fullerene indicator

Tungsten

 

W

High Speed Steel, Turbine blades and wear resistant part & coatings, High temperature lubricant, Fluorescent lighting, Chemical & tanning industries, Filaments in Electric Bulb & lamps

Turpentine

-------------------

--------------------

Production of Varnishes, Thinner in oil based paints,

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formula

Their Uses

Urea

Ice Melter

H2NCONH2

Fertilizers, Finishing, Marine Plywood, Improvised explosive devices, Cigarettes, Tooth Whitening products, Fire extinguisher, yeast Nutrient, Dish Soap manufacturing

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formula

Their Uses

Xylene

 

C8H10

Paint Stores & hardware Stores

 

Chemical Name

Common Name

Chemical Formula

Their Uses

Zinc

Zinc

Zn

Galvanizing, Alloys, Brass & Bronze, Miscellaneous

Zinc Oxide

 

ZnO

Rubber Manufacture, Ceramic industry, Anti-dandruff shampoos and Antiseptic Oilments, Calamine Cream, Cigarette Filters, Food Additive, Paints Pigments, Coatings, Methane Reforming

Zinc Sulphate

Zinc Sulphate

ZnSO4

Coagulant in the production of rayon, Fertilizers, Agriculture Sprays, Electrolytes in Zinc Plating, Mordant in Dyeing, Astringent & emetic medicine

Zinc Chloride

Tinner’s Fluid

ZnCl2

Disinfectant, Smoke Grenades, Skin Cancer treatment, Textile & paper Processing, Flux for Soldering

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