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SSC GK : Chemicals and its uses

Dec 11, 2015 17:36 IST

     Chemicals are very commonly available and useful substances for Medical practices, Beverage production, Clothes dyeing & Paints,Making Fertilizers, Household Items, Defense Purposes as well as in making various edible Products, etc. It is also a Multibillion industry.Some commonly available chemicals are mentioned below: -

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Aluminium

    Aluminium

    Al

    Heat resistant clothing, Cookware,Greenhouses & Window Frames, in the making of Aircraft, Lightweighted Vehicles and ladders etc.

    Acetic Acid

    White Vinegar

    CH3COOH + H2O

    In Grocery Store and Photography Store.

    Acetylsalicylic Acid

    Aspirin

    C9H8O4

    Pharmacy: - Aspirin

    Ammonium Chloride

    Soldering Flux

    NH4Cl

    Hardware Store :- Plumbing, Soldering iron stuffs and used as Dark Chemical in Photography.

    Ascorbic acid

    Vitamin C

    C6H8O6

    Vitamin C tablets.

    Argon

    Argon Gas

    Ar

    Welding and inert filler gas inside incandescent lighting equipments such as Bulbs, CFLs.

    Amylose

    Cornstarch

    (C6H9O5)n

    In Grocery Store

    Ammonium Phosphate

    Fertilizer

    (NH4)3PO4

    Used as fertilizer in Gardens & Agricultural Lands

    Aluminium Sulphate

    Flocculating Powder

    Al2(SO4)3

    Household Uses: - Stypmtic Pencils, Gardening, Water Treatment, Paper Making and Dyeing Fabrics.

    Acetylene Gas

    Ethyne

    C2H2

    Carburization, welding, Portable Lighting, Mass Spectrometer  and Radiocarbon Dating

    Ammonium Hydroxide

    Ammonia

     NH3; NH4OH

    Fertilizers, Explosives, Hair Care, Plastics, Refrigerators, Auto-care:- tire inflaters, Metal Cleaners, polishes, Shaving Cream, Acne Treatments, Lotions , etc.

    Aluminium potassium Sulphate

    Alum

    KAl(SO4)2.12H2O

    Water Purification, Flame Retardant, Skin Whitener, Some types of Toothpastes, Pickling Agent and in Styptic pencils.

    Ammonium Bromide

    Ammonium Bromide

    NH4Br

    Fireproofing of Wood, Corrosion inhibitors,Pharmaceutical preparations, Lithography and process engraving

    Ammonium Carbonate

    Smelling Salts

    (NH4)2CO3

    Leavening agents, Acidity regulator, Smelling Salts, Cough Syrup

    Acetone

    Acetone

    CH3COCH3

    Solvent, Skin lightening Products, Bath & Fragrance products

    Ammonium Bi-Fluoride

    Ammonium hydrogen fluoride

    NH4HF2

    Glass Processing, Toilet Bowl Cleaner, Rust Stain remover, Car body Cleaner, etc.

    Ammonium Nitrate

    Ammonium Nitrate

    NH4NO3

    Used in Fertilizers and Explosives.

    Aluminium Hydroxide

    Alumina Hydrate

    Al(OH)3

    Excellent Fire Retardant, Preparation of tetanus injections, Skin Protectant, Flame resistant, Water purification & Sewage Treatment, etc.

    Aluminium Oxide

    Alumina

    Al2O3

    Glass Making, Gas Purification, Plastics making, Blush, Lipstick and Nail polishing, Alcohol dehydration, Paints,Composite Fiber,Abrasion Protection,etc.

    Ammonium Persulphate

    Etching Solution

    (NH4)2S2O8

    Used as radical initiators in the polymerization of certain Alkenes, Hair Bleach, etc.

    Ammonium Bi- carbonate

    Baker’s Ammonia

    (NH4)HCO3

    Nitrogen Fertilizer, raising agents for cookies and crackers, Ceramic manufacturing, etc.

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Barium Carbonate

     

    BaCO3

    Ceramic industry,  Acts as a Flux agent, a matting agent, Crystallizing Agent, Earthenware & pottery industries.

    Barium Sulphate

    Lithopone

    BaSO4

    In photography for coating papers, Drilling Fluids, paper brightener, X-Ray Imaging, Root canal fillings, Powder Coatings

    Bismuth

    Lead free Shot/Sinkers

    Bi

    Used for non toxic replacement for bullets, Shot and fishing Sinkers, Production Malleable iron

    Benzoyl Peroxide

    Benzoic acid peroxide

    C14H10O4

    Bleaching Hair, Tooth whitening Systems, used as initiator & catalyst of polyester Thermoset, Ink & stain remover, Acne treatment, Antibiotics.

    Butane

    Butane

    C4H10

    Base petrochemicals in steam cracking, fuel in cigarette lighters, propellant in aerosol sprays as Deodorants, Gasoline blending.

    Bromthymol blue

    pH Test

    C27H28Br2O5S

    Works as a respiratory indicator for observing photosynthesis activities, used in obstetrics.

    Boric acid

    Ant/Roach Killer

    H3BO3

    To prevent Boron deficiencies in plants, Pyrotechnics, pH buffer, insecticides, used in antiseptics , , antibacterial & antibiotics, preservation of wood, timbers, Sheepskins, cattle hides.

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Caffeine

    No-Doz

    C8H10N4O2

    Used in Coffee, Tea, Cola, Mate etc. as a mental alertness improver.

     Calcium Carbide

          ----

    CaC2

    Production of Acetelyne, Calcium Cyanamide (Fertilizer), Steel making, Carbide lamps.

    Calcium Carbonate

    LimeStone

    CaCO3

    Marble, Limestone, Precipitated Chalk, Marble Chips, Some Antacids, Paint making etc.

    Calcium chloride

    Laundry Aid/Road Salt/De-Icer

    CaCl2

    Highway maintenance, Chemical manufacturing, Cement, Food, Construction, Drying air & gasses, Automotive & Aluminium, Mining, Paper Manufacturing, Petroleum.

    Calcium Hypochlorite

    Bleaching Powder

    Ca(ClO)2

    Chloroform Manufacturing, Sterlization of Drinking Water, making of Unshrinkable Wool, oxidizing agent, Bleaching agent for cotton, linen & Wood Pulp.

    Calcium oxide

    Quicklime

    CaO

    Cement Production, Biodiesel production, Paper, Plaster & in fuel-gas desulphurization.

    Calcium  Hydroxide

    Slaked Lime

    Ca(OH)2

    Pesticides, Ebonite, Whitewash, Mortar, Plaster, Production of calcium Stearate, Antimicrobial & Antifungal Preservative, Hair Removal Creams, Endodontic Therapy,Brake Pads, painting & decorating, in Food industry etc.

    Calcium Nitrate

    Norwegian saltpeter

     

    Ca(NO3)2·4H2O

    Fertilizers, Waste water treatments, Concrete, Cold packs etc.

    Cadmium Sulfide

    Cadmium yellow

    CdS

    Pigment, Photo resistors, Tatto’s Color

    Calcium sulphate dehydrate

    Gypsum

    CaSO4·2H2

    Making of Portland Cement, Fertilizer & Soil Conditioner, Water Hardening, Shampoos & other hair products etc.

    Camphor

    Camphor

    C10H16O

    Explosives, Pest detterent & preservative, Culinary, Medicinal like antimicrobial & anesthetic etc.

    Calcium sulfate hemihydrate

    Plaster of Paris

    CaSO4·1/2H2

    For healing of Broken & Fractured bones, Making statues, toys & surgical instruments, Construction industry etc.

    Carbon

    Carbon

    C

    Graphite, Carbon Fiber, Carbon Monoxide, Fossil Fuels, Clay, Charcoal, Diamond etc.

    Carbonic Acid

     

    H2CO3

    Dermatitides Treatment, Antidepressants, Sodium bicarbonate, Hypotension, etc.

    Cellulose

     

    (C6H10O5)n

    Paper Products, Fibers, Consumables, Energy Crops, Biofuel, Water & fire Resistant Products,Nitrocellulose( Smokeless Gunpowder), Water soluble adhesives & Binders, etc.

    Citric Acid

    Sour Salt

    C6H8O7

    Cleaning Products, Soda & Fizzy Drinks, Chelating Agent,Steel Rust dissolver, Cosmetics & Pharmaceuticals, Food Dyeing, Passivation of stainless steel, Photography

    Copper

    Copper

    Cu

    Production of Electrical Wires & cables, Electric Motors, all electronics, Architecture, Antimicrobial & Antibiofueling Applications, Folk medicine, Compression Clothing, Glassmaking, etc.

    Copper Naphthenate

    Cupric Naphthenate

    Cu(C11H10O2)2

    Wood preservatives, Linseed Oil & petroleum distillate Solvents.

    Copper sulphate

    Cupric sulphate

    CuSO4

    Herbicide, Fungicide, Pesticide, Firework Manufacture, Anemia Blood testing, Barium Flame test, Intaglio Printmaking, Dyeing

    Copper sulfate Pentahydrate

    Blue vitriol

    CuSO45H2O

    Rootkiller, Gardening, Agricultural Supply, Algaecides, Pest Control

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Dextrose

    Glucose, Corn Syrup

    C6H12O6

    Grocery Purpose

    Dichloromethane

    Methylene chloride

    CH2Cl2

    Paint Stripper, Degreaser, Aerosol Spray Propellant, Tea, Decaffeinate Coffee

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Ether

    Ethoxyethane

    (C2H5)2O

    Alcohols, Phenols, Manufacturing of Perfumes & Flavours, Anaesthetic Drugs

    Eugenol

    Oil of Clove

    CH2CH2CH2C6H3(OCH3)OH

    Perfumeries, Flavourings, Antiseptic & anaesthetics, In Dentistry for restorative & Prosthodontic applications, Antioxidants for Plastics & Rubbers

    Ethanol

    Everclear

    C2H5OH

    Antiseptic, Antitussive, Antidote for Methanol Poisoning, Psychoactive Drug, Rocket Fuels, Fuel cells, Engine Fuel, Feedstock, Household Heating, Paints & Tinctures, Markers products.

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Formic Acid

    Methanoic acid

    HCOOH

    Preservative & antibacterial agents in livestock Feed, Rubber Production, Leather production, Limescale Remover, Toilet Bowl Cleaner

    Fructose Acid

    Fruit Sugar

    C6H12O6

    Digestion, Metabolism, For Proper functioning of Liver, Gout, Appetite Control

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Glycerin

     

    C3H8O3

    Making Skin Products like Skin Toner & Moisturizer

    Gold

     

    Au

    Gold Jewellery manufacturing

    Gum Arabic

    Gum acacia

    CH4O3S

    Binder for watercolor painting, Ceramics, Photography, Pyrotechnics, Printmaking

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Hydrogen Gas

     

    Hydrogen

    H2

    Used as Fuels, Hydrogen Bombs, Shielding & Welding, Coolant, Energy carrier, Semiconductor Industry

    Hydrochloric Acid

    Masonry Cleaner

    HCl

    Steel Picklings, Inorganic/Organic Compounds production, pH Control & neutrilization of waste streams, Ion exchanger regeneration

    Hexamine

    Hexamethylenetetramine

    C6H12N4

    Food Additive, Solid Fuel, Explosives, reagent in organic Chemistry

    Helium

     

    He

    Treating Asthma,Emphysema, Space Technology as Fuel, Barcode Reading

    Hydro Fluoric Acid

    Glass Etching Solution

    HF

    Oil refining, Fluorides Production, Etchant & Cleaning Agent, Production of Organofluorine compounds, Petroleum industry, Automatic fire Suppression

    Hydrogen peroxide

    Peroxide

    H2O2

    Disinfectants, Hair Bleaching, Nail Whitening, Foot Fungus Treatment, Anti Bacterial

    Hypochlorous acid

    Laundry Bleach

    HClO

    Grocery store

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Iodine

    Iodide

    I2

    Radiation Exposure, Sterlizing agent, Boosting Metabolism, Breast Health, Neurological Health

    Iron

     

    Fe

    Manufacturing of all ware

    Iron sulphate

    Ferrous sulphate

    FeSO4

    Textile industry for making Colors, Nutrient for Garden Supply

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Ferric Chloride

    Etching Solution

    FeCl3

    Circuit Boards, Fine Art supply

    Ferric Oxide

    Rust

    Fe2O3

    Iron Industry for making Iron, steel & many alloys, Polishing, Making color Pigment, Medcine, Photocatalyst, Magnetic recording

     

     

     

     

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Kerosene Oil

    Aviation Fuel

    CnH2n+1(n=12–16)

    Lamps, Paint industry and Hardware stores

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Lactic Acid

    Milk Acid

    C3H6O3

    Blood testing, Pharmaceutical & Cosmetic applications, Foods, Detergents

    Lead

     

    Pb

    Chargeable Batteries, Pigments, Rolled Extrusions, Ammunition, Cable sheathing, Production of other lead alloys.

    Latex

    Liquid latex body paint

    C3H6O3

    Natural rubber, Mattresses, Gloves, balloons, Gutta Percha, Chewing gum, Coatings, Glues

    Linseed Oil

     

     

    Paint Binder, Wood Finish, Gilding, Nutritional Supplement & Food.

    Lithium

     

    Li

    Portable Battery, Works as Flux in the Processing of Ceramics & Glass, Lubricating Greases, Mettalurgy, Treating of Bipolar Disorder, Nuclear Science, Pyrotecnics, Air Purification, Making of Optical devices, Military applications as Rocket Fuels.

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Magnesium

    Fire Starter

    Mg

    Aircraft, Automotive, Electronics, Flash photography, Flares, Pyrotechnics, Firework Sparklers, Manufacturing of Beverage cans, Fishing reels, Dry Cell Battery Walls, Engine manufacturing

    Magnesium Hydroxide

    Milk of Magnesia

    Mg(OH)2

    Antiperspirant, Antacid & Laxatives, Fire Retardant

    Magnesium Carbonate

    Athlete’s Chalk

    MgCO3

    Flooring, Fire Proofing, Cosmetics, Dusting Powder, toothpaste, fire Extinguishing Compositions, Smoke Suppressant, Drying Agent

    Magnesium sulphate

    Epsom Salt

    MgSO47H2O

    Medicines, Fertilizers, Pregnancy to decrease the risk of Cerebral palsy, Photographic Development

    Magnesium Silicate

    Talc

    Mg3Si4O10(OH)2

    Purifying adsorbent, Anti-caking Agent, Catalyst carrier, Making of talcum Powder, Food Additive

    Magnesium Chloride

    Nigari

    MgCl2

    Soil Stablization, Wind erosion mitigation, De-icing of Highways, Nutritional Supplements, Gardening & Horticulture, Culinary use

    Mercury

    Quicksilver

    Hg

    Barometers, Manometers, Thermometer, insecticides, Disinfectant, Vermillion

    Manganese DiOxide

    Pyrolusite

    MnO2

    Thiol Oxidation, Oxidative Coupling, Aromatization, inorganic pigment in ceramics & Glass making, Body & Cave Painting

    Methanol

    Methyl Alchohol

    CH3OH

    Fuel for vehicles, Destaining agent, Energy carrier, Safety in automotive fuels

    Methyl ethyl Ketone

    MEK

    CH3COC2H5

    Low boiling Solvent, Rubber based industrial Cements & printing inks, Catalyst in Polymerisation

    Methylene Blue

    Methidote

    C16H18ClN3S

    Endoscopic polypectomy, Dye in Chromoendoscopy, Used for treating small Injured fishes

    Methylene chloride

    DiChloromethane

    CH2Cl2

    Used as degreaser, adhesive remover, Klean strip graffiti remover, Choke & Valve Cleaners, Hardware & Automotive  Store

    Monosodium Glutamate

    MSG

    C5H8NO4Na

    Flavour enhancer

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formulae

    Their Uses

    Nitrogen

    Liquid Nitrogen

    N2

    Manufacturing of Steel, Photolithography, Fire Suppresion System, dielectric gas, Filing Tires, in the production of Nitrogen Compounds, Incandescent light Bulbs

    Nickel

     

    Ni

    Making Utensils

    Nitrous Oxide

    Laughing gas

    N2O

    Rocket motors as an oxidizer, Internal combustion Engine, Aerosol propellant, Anesthetic in Dentistry/ medical purposes, Recreational purposes

    Naphthalene

    Moth Balls

    C10H8

    Wetting agent & surfactant, Fumignant, Solvent for several chemical reactions e.g. Durene

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formula

    Their Uses

    Oxygen

     

    O2

    Steel industry, Medical, Precursor to PVC, manufacturing of Polyester,Nitric acid,Hydrogen Peroxide, Antifreezer, Welding & Cutting Metals

    Oxalic Acid

    Rust Remover

    C2H2O4

    Mordant in Dyeing, Baking Powder, Cleaning & Bleaching, Works as a reagent in Lanthanide chemistry

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formula

    Their Uses

    Phenol

     

    C6H5OH

    Antiseptic, Paint Stippers, Epoxy, Polyurethane, hair Colorings, Skin Lightening, Sunscreens, Bakelite, Pharmaceutical Drugs

    Paraffin

     

    CnH2n+2 (n>19)

    Medicine, Agriculture, Cosmetics, Fuel in Rockets & Jet Engines, Lamps & Lanterns as fuel, Lubricants, Coolants, insecticides, Treating eczema, Constipation, Dry Skin, Ashesive and water proofing Agent

    Phenolphthalein

     

    C20H14O4

    Indicator in acid-base titrations, Laxatives

    para-dichlorobenzene

    Moth Crystals

    C6H4Cl2

    Disinfectant, Pesticide, Deodorant, Precursor to various Chemical reactions

    Phosphoric Acid

     


    H3PO4

    Acidification of Foods & Beverages, Rust Removal, Dentistry, Flux, Sanitizing Agent, pH adjuster in Cosmetics & Skin care Products, Electrolyte in Fuel Cells

    Polystyrene

    Casting resin

     

    Insulation, Food packaging, Hardware Manufacturing, Road Bank stabilization System

    Polyurethane

     

     

    Furniture & Bedding, building insulation, Refrigerators & Frezers, Footwear, Automotive, Coatings & Adhesives

    Potassium Aluminium Sulphate

    Alum

    KAl(SO4)2·12H2O

    Manufacturing of Soda Alum,Ferric Alum, Flame Retardants, Antipersperant, Antibacterial, Blood Coagulant, Chemical Flocculant, Tanning of Animal Hides, Paper marbling.

    Potassium Carbonate

    Potash

    K2CO3

    Soil Fertilizers, water softening, Cement, fire extinguishers, food products, Photographic Chemicals, Textiles, Synthetic Rubber production, Baking Soda, Metal Electroplating

    Potassium Bromide

     

    KBr

    Optics, Photography

    Potassium Chloride

     

    KCl

    Fertilizer, Food processing, Radiation monitoring equipment, Fire Extinguishing Agent, Aluminium gas welding, Crystallization of Sodium acetate

    ePotassium Dichromate

     

    K2Cr2O7

    Cleaner for Glassware, Cement, Photography, Wood treatment

    Potassium Hydroxide

    Caustic Potash

    KOH

    Biodiesel manufacturing, Soft soaps manufacturing, Electrolyte in Alkaline Batteries , industrial detergents

    Potassium Iodide

    Radiation Pills

    KI

    Thyroid treatment,Salt Production, Photographic Development Chemical

    Potassium MetaBiSulfite

    Campden Tablets

    K2S3O5

    Wine & Beer industry, Lemon Juice Preservative, Dyeing & Cotton Printing, Bleaching agent in Coconut Cream Production

    Potassium Nitrate

    Salt Peter

    KNO3

    Making of Toothpastes, Asthma Treatment, Fertilizer Production, Food Preservatives, Nitric Acid Production, Oxidizer

    Potassium Permanganate

    Clear Water


    KMnO4

    Water treatment & disinfection, Synthesis of ascorbic acid, saccharin, Bleaching agent, Fruit preservation,

    Potassium Sodium tartrate

    Rochelle salt

    NaKC4H4O6 * 4H2O

    Drug Store

    Propane

     


    C3H8

    As a Fuel for various purposes.

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formula

    Their Uses

    Silicon Carbide

    Carborandum

    SiC

    Used in Abrasive Maching & Cutting Metals, Automobile Parts, Electronic Circuit Elements, LEDs, Astronomy, SiC filaments in thin film pyrometry, Jewelry, Steel Production, Graphene Production, Nuclear Fuel Cladding

    Silicon Dioxide

    Sand, Silica

    SiO2

    Production of Glass & Silicon, Sand Casting, Food & Pharmaceutical Applications

    Silver

     

    Ag

    As Currency, Jewelry & Silverware, Solar Energy, Air Conditioning, Water Purification Process, Glass Coatings, Photography & Electronics, Dentistry, Some Medicines

    Sodium Acetate

    Hand Warmer

    NaC2H3O2

    Textile industry, Synthetic rubber production,in Foods for Salt & Vinegar flavor, Heating pads & Hand Warmer

    Sodium bicarbonate

    Baking Soda

    NaHCO3

    Pest Control, pH balancer, Fire Extinguiser, Paint & corrosion removal, Cooking as baking soda, Neutralisation of acids & bases, Cleaning Agent, food Supplements for Cattles, Bio-pesticide

    Sodium borate

     

    Na2B4O710H2O

    Water Softening agent, Fire Retardant, Anti-fungal, Forge welding, Woodworm treatment, Preservative in taxidermy, Food Additive, Vitamin Supplements, Micronutrient Fertilizers,Neutron absorber

    Sodium Carbonate

    Washing Soda

    Na2CO3

    Electrolyte, lyeing, treating Woolen Clothing

    Sodium Chlorate

     

    NaClO3

    Herbicides, Chemical oxygen generation

    Sodium Chloride

    Salt

    NaCl

    Fire Fighting, Cleanser, optical usage, Flavour enhancer, preservative, Binder, Fermentation control additive, Soda Ash industry

    Sodium Fluoride

     

    NaF

    Water treatment, Extractive metallurgy, Cavity prevention, Medical imaging

    Sodium Hydroxide

    Lye, Caustic Soda

    NaOH

    Chemical Pulping, Food production, Cleaning agent, Esterification & Transesterification reagents

    Sodium HypoChlorite

    Bleach

    NaClO

    Bleaching, Stain removal, Disinfection, Deodorizing, treat cyanide waste water, medicine for eczema

    Sodium Nitrate

    Chile Saltpeter


    NaNO3

     

    Fertilizers, Gunpowder making, treating of dentine hypersensitivity

    Sodium Phosphate

     

    Na3PO4

    Emulsifiers, Thickening agents, leavening agents, detergents

    Sodium silicate

    Egg preserver, Water Glass

    Na2SiO3, Na2Si3O7

    Drilling Fluids, Adhesive, Water treatment, Car engine disablement, Cement uses, Aquaculture, Automotive repair

    Sodium sulphate

     

    Na2SO4

    Wood pulp Manufacturing, Textile industry, Laxative,Heat Storage in Solar heating systems, Starch Manufacturing, De-frosting windows, Thermal storage

    Sodium thiosulphate

    Hypo


    Na2S2O3

    Neutralizing cyanide poisoning, Antifungal agent, Iodometry, Photographic processing, Gold extraction, Chlorinated water, Bleach Neutrilizer, Leather tanning, hand warmers  & heating pads

    Stearic Acid

    Candle hardener

    C17H35CO2H

    Soaps, cosmetics & detergents production, Lubricants & softening agent, Dietary supplements

    Steel

    Stainless steel


    Fe alloyed with C and depending on type, possibly also Ni, B, V, Cr among others

    All kinds of hardware

    Sulphur

     

    S

    Fertilizers, Sulphuric Acid, Vulcanization of Rubber, Fungicide & Pesticide, Bactericide in wine making & food preservation, Treatment of Skin disease

    Sulphuric acid

    Vitriol

    H2SO4

    Catalyst, Electrolyte, Industrial Cleaning agent

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formula

    Their Uses

    Tannic acid

    Tannin

    C76H52O46

    Chemical staining of Wood, Corrossion treatment, Beer Clarification, Color stabilizer & taste enhancer, Aromic compound in Soft  drinks & juices, treating leucorrhea

    Tartaric Acid

    Wine preservative

    C4H6O6

    Effervescent salt production, Cough syrup, Chelating Acid, Soil Fertilizer, Wine industry

    Thymolphthalein

    Disappearing ink

    C28H30O4

    Grocery store as blue disappearing ink

    Titanium dioxide

    Titanium white

    TiO2

    Cleaving protein, Solar Cells as solid electrolytes, Semiconductor

    Toluene

    Cellulose thinner

    C6H5CH3

    Fuel, Solvents for Paints, paint thinners, Silicone sealents, Haemoglobin extractor, Fullerene indicator

    Tungsten

     

    W

    High Speed Steel, Turbine blades and wear resistant part & coatings, High temperature lubricant, Fluorescent lighting, Chemical & tanning industries, Filaments in Electric Bulb & lamps

    Turpentine

    -------------------

    --------------------

    Production of Varnishes, Thinner in oil based paints,

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formula

    Their Uses

    Urea

    Ice Melter

    H2NCONH2

    Fertilizers, Finishing, Marine Plywood, Improvised explosive devices, Cigarettes, Tooth Whitening products, Fire extinguisher, yeast Nutrient, Dish Soap manufacturing

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formula

    Their Uses

    Xylene

     

    C8H10

    Paint Stores & hardware Stores

     

    Chemical Name

    Common Name

    Chemical Formula

    Their Uses

    Zinc

    Zinc

    Zn

    Galvanizing, Alloys, Brass & Bronze, Miscellaneous

    Zinc Oxide

     

    ZnO

    Rubber Manufacture, Ceramic industry, Anti-dandruff shampoos and Antiseptic Oilments, Calamine Cream, Cigarette Filters, Food Additive, Paints Pigments, Coatings, Methane Reforming

    Zinc Sulphate

    Zinc Sulphate

    ZnSO4

    Coagulant in the production of rayon, Fertilizers, Agriculture Sprays, Electrolytes in Zinc Plating, Mordant in Dyeing, Astringent & emetic medicine

    Zinc Chloride

    Tinner’s Fluid

    ZnCl2

    Disinfectant, Smoke Grenades, Skin Cancer treatment, Textile & paper Processing, Flux for Soldering

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