Africa is the second largest continent, after Asia. The climate of Africa ranges from tropical to subarctic on the mountain ranges and its highest peaks. Its northern half is primarily desert, or arid, while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and dense jungle (rainforest) regions.
1. Which of the following imaginary line is not passes through Africa?
A. Tropic of Cancer
C. Tropic of Capricorn
D. International Date line
Explanation: The Tropic of Cancer, the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn passes through Africa. Hence, D is the correct option.
2. Which African river crosses the equator two times?
A. Zaire River
B. Nile River
Explanation: The Congo River (also known as the Zaire River) is the most voluminous river in Africa. It crosses the equator two times. Hence, A is the correct option.
3. Which is the longest river in Africa?
A. Congo River
B. Orange River
C. Zambezi River
D. Nile River
Explanation: The Nile River is the longest river in the world is situated in Africa. It originates from the Lake Victoria and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. Hence, D is the correct option.
4. The equator passes through which of the following African lake?
Explanation: The equator passes through Victoria Lake. Hence, C is the correct option.
5. How many time zones in Africa?
Explanation: There are six time zones and thirteen standard time zone names to describe them in Africa. The time zone range from UTC/GMT -1 to UTC/GMT + 4. Hence, C is the correct option.
6. Which of the following is not tribal community of Africa?
C. San Bushmen
Explanation: There are 3000 distinct ethnic groups, 2000 languages. Zulu, Maasai, San Bushmen, Yoruba, Xhona, Hausa, Himba, Oromo, Kalenjin, and Chaga are the most popular tribes of Africa. Lepcha tribes are found in the India. Hence, D is the correct option.
7. Which of the following desert is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic?
A. Sahara Desert
B. Kalahari Desert
C. Karoo Desert
D. Namib Desert
Explanation: The Sahara is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. Hence, A is the correct.
8. Tugela Falls is the second highest waterfall in the world lies in which country of Africa?
B. South Africa
Explanation: Tugela Falls is a complex of seasonal waterfalls located in the Drakensberg (Dragon's Mountains) of Royal Natal National Park in KwaZulu-Natal Province, Republic of South Africa. It is also considered as the world's second-tallest waterfall. Hence, B is the correct option.
9. Which is the highest mountain of Africa?
A. Mt. Kilimanjaro
B. Mt. Kenya
C. Rocky Mountain
D. Colorado Mountain
Explanation: Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain on the African continent. Its summit is 19,340 feet (5,895 meters) above sea level. It is located in Tanzania. Hence, A is the correct option.
10. Which of the following separate Africa from the Europe?
A. Suez Canal
B. Mediterranean Sea
C. Isthmus of Suez
D. Sinai Peninsula
Explanation: Africa is the largest of the three great southward projections from the largest landmass of the Earth. Separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, it is joined to Asia at its northeast extremity by the Isthmus of Suez.