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List of Famous Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India

23-JUN-2017 10:15

    Mathematics is a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement. The Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama, Nilakantha Somayaji etc. are classical Indian mathematician and their contribution in mathematics made them immortal. For example- decimal number system, concept of zero as a number, negative numbers, arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry etc. From ancient to the Medieval India, the mathematical works were composed in Sanskrit especially consists of sutras in which a set of rules or problems were stated.


    Here, we are giving the list of Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India with their contribution.

    1. Baudhayana


    Born: Around 800 BC

    Notable Work: Approximation of the square root of 2 and the statement of a version of the Pythagorean Theorem

    2. Katyayana

    Born: Around 300 BC

    Notable Work: Varttika, Vyakarana, later Sulba Sutras

    3. Pingala


    Born: Around 500 BC

    Notable Work: Matrameru, binary numeral system, arithmetical triangle

    4. Aryabhata


    Born: Between 476-550 CE

    Notable works: Aryabhaṭiya, Arya-siddhanta

    Notable Ideas: Explanation of lunar eclipse and solar eclipse, rotation of Earth on its axis, reflection of light by moon, sinusoidal functions, solution of single variable quadratic equation, value of π correct to 4 decimal places, circumference of Earth to 99.8% accuracy, calculation of the length of sidereal year.

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    5. Varahamihira


    Born: Between 505–587 CE

    Notable Work: Pancha-Siddhāntikā, Brihat-Samhita, Brihat Jataka

    6. Yativrsabha

    Born: Around 6th-century CE

    Known for: Mathematician and writer of the book Tiloyapannatti which gives various units for measuring distances and time and postulated different concepts about infinity

    7. Brahmagupta

    Born: Between 598–670 CE

    Known for: Zero, Modern number system, Brahmagupta's theorem, Brahmagupta's identity, Brahmagupta's problem, Brahmagupta-Fibonacci identity, Brahmagupta's interpolation formula, Brahmagupta's formula

    8. Bhaskara I


    Born: Between 600–680 CE

    Known for: Sine approximation formula

    9. Shridhara

    Born: Between 650–850 CE

    Contribution: Gave a rule for finding the volume of a sphere

    10. Mahavira

    Born: 9th century CE

    Notable Work: His work is a highly syncopated approach to algebra and the emphasis in much of his text is on developing the techniques necessary to solve algebraic problems.

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    11. Pavuluri Mallana

    Born: 11th century CE

    Notable Work: He translated Ganitasara Samgraham, a mathematical treatise of Mahivaracharya, into Telugu as Sara Sangraha Ganitamu.

    12. Bhaskara II

    Born: 1114–1185 CE

    Known for: Discovery of the principles of differential calculus and its application to astronomical problems and computations

    13. Narayana Pandit

    Born: Between 1340–1400 CE

    Notable Work: Arithmetical treatise called Ganita Kaumudi ; Algebraic treatise called Bijganita Vatamsa

    14. Madhava of Sangamagrama

    Born: 1340-1350 CE

    Known for: Discovery of power series expansions of trigonometric sine, cosine and arctangent functions

    Notable work: Golavada, Madhyamanayanaprakara, Venvaroha

    15. Parameshvara

    Born: Between AD 1360–1455

    Notable Work: Discovered drk-ganita, a mode of astronomy based on observations

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    16. Nilakantha Somayaji

    Born: Around AD1444

    Notable Work: Golasara, Candrachayaganita, Aryabhatiya-bhashya, Tantrasamgraha Raghunatha Siromani

    17. Shankara Variyar

    Born: Around AD1530

    Notable Work: Yukti-dipika - an extensive commentary in verse on Tantrasamgraha based on Yuktibhasa; Laghu-vivrti - a short commentary in prose on Tantrasamgraha; Kriya-kramakari - a lengthy prose commentary on Lilavati of Bhaskara II

    18. Jyeshtadeva

    Born: Around AD1500

    Known for: Authorship of Yuktibhaṣa

    Notable work: Yuktibhāṣā, Drkkarana

    19. Munishvara

    Born: Around 17th century

    Notable Work: Produced accurate sine tables

    20. Kamalakara

    Born: Around AD 1657

    Notable Work: Combined traditional Indian astronomy with Aristotelian physics and Ptolemaic astronomy as presented by Islamic scientists; Given formulae for sin(A/2) and sin(A/4) in terms of sin(A) and iterative formulae for sin(A/3) and sin(A/5); Given a table for finding the right ascension of a planet from its longitude.

    21. Jagannatha Samrat

    Born: Around AD1730

    Notable Work: Siddhanta-samrat, Yantra-prakara

    22. Radhanath Sikdar


    Born: Around 1813 AD

    Known for: Calculated height of Mount Everest

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    23. Pathani Samanta

    Born: 11 January, 1835-36 AD

    Known for: Naked eye astronomy

    24. Ganesh Prasad

    Born: 15 November, 1876 AD

    Known for: Establishing the culture of organised mathematical research in India

    Notable work: A Treatise on Spherical Harmonics and the Functions of Bessel and Lame

    25. Srinivasa Ramanujan

    Born: 22 December 1887

    Known for: Landau–Ramanujan constant; Mock theta functions; Ramanujan conjecture; Ramanujan prime; Ramanujan–Soldner constant; Ramanujan theta function; Ramanujan's sum; Rogers–Ramanujan identities; Ramanujan's master theorem

    26. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

    Born: 29 June 1893

    Known for: Mahalanobis distance Feldman–Mahalanobis model

    27. Subbayya Sivasankaranarayana Pillai

    Born: April 5, 1901

    Known for: Pillai's conjecture; Pillai's arithmetical function; Pillai prime

    28. Raj Chandra Bose

    Born: 19 June 1901

    Known for: Association scheme; Bose–Mesner algebra; Euler's conjecture on Latin squares; strongly regular graphs; Partial Geometries; Morse code

    29. Samarendra Nath Roy

    Born: 11 December 1906

    Known for: Multivariate analysis

    30. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

    Born: 19 October 1910

    Known for: Chandrasekhar limit; Chandra X-ray Observatory; Chandrasekhar friction; Chandrasekhar number; Chandrasekhar tensor; Chandrasekhar equation; Chandrasekhar virial equations; Chandrasekhar's Variational Principle; 1958 Chandra; Schonberg–Chandrasekhar limit

    31. S. S. Shrikhande

    Born: 19 October 1917

    Known for: Euler's conjecture

    32. Prahladbhai Chunilal Vaidya

    Born: 23 May 1918

    Known for: Vaidya Metric, Vaidya–Patel solution, Einstein field equations

    33. Anil Kumar Gain

    Born: 1 February 1919

    Known for: Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient Vidyasagar University

    34. C. R. Rao

    Born: 10 September 1920

    Known for: Cramér–Rao bound, Rao–Blackwell theorem, Orthogonal arrays, Score test

    35. Harish chandra

    Born: 11 October 1923

    Known for: Harish-Chandra's c-function;Harish-Chandra's character formula; Harish-Chandra homomorphism; Harish-Chandra isomorphism; Harish-Chandra module; Harish-Chandra's regularity theorem; Harish-Chandra's Schwartz space; Harish Chandra transform; Harish-Chandra's Ξ function

    36. Raghu Raj Bahadur

    Born: 30 April 1924

    Known for: Bahadur efficiency; Anderson–Bahadur algorithm; Bahadur-Ghosh-Kiefer representation

    37. Gopinath Kallianpur

    Born: April 25, 1925

    Known for: Fisher consistency

    38. Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar

    Born: July 22, 1930

    Known for: Abhyankar's conjecture, Abhyankar's lemma, Abhyankar–Moh theorem

    39. C.S. Seshadri

    Born: February 29, 1932

    Known for: Seshadri constant; Narasimhan–Seshadri theorem;standard monomial theory

    40. K. S. S. Nambooripad

    Born: 6 April 1935

    41. Vinod Behari Johri

    Born: 10 June 1935

    Known for: Power law inflation in Brans–Dicke theory; Theory of integrated tracking of quintessence fields of dark energy;Phantom cosmologies

    42. K. R. Parthasarathy

    Born: 25 June 1936

    Known for: Quantum stochastic calculus

    43. Veeravalli S. Varadarajan

    Born: May 1937

    Known for: Trombi–Varadarajan theorem

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    44. Vasanti N. Nayak

    Born: 10 June 1938

    Known for: Combinatorial design and Graph Theory

    45. Srinivasa Varadhan

    Born: 2 January 1940

    Known for: Martingale problems; large deviation theory

    46. Vashishtha Narayan Singh

    Born: April 2, 1942

    Known for: Reproducing Kernels and Operators with a Cyclic Vector

    47. Siddani Bhaskara Rao

    Born: 1943

    Known for: Frequency partition,Line graphs, Degree sequences

    48. N. M. Singhi

    Born: 1949

    Known for: Combinatorics and Graph Theory

    Sujatha Ramdorai

    Known for: non-commutative Iwasawa theory, Arithmetic of Algebraic varieties

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    49. Narendra Krishna Karmarkar

    Born: 1957

    Known for: Karmarkar's algorithm

    50. Manindra Agrawal

    Born: 20 May, 1966

    Known for: AKS primality test

    51. Chandrashekhar Khare

    Born: 1968

    Known for: Proof of Serre conjecture

    52. Subhash Khot

    Known for: Unique games conjecture

    53. Dr. Neena Gupta

    Known for: Providing a counter-example over a field of positive characteristic to the special Zariski Cancellation Problem

    In the above list of Indian Mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

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