# List of Famous Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India

*Famous Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India*

Here, we are giving the list of Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India with their contribution.

**1. Baudhayana **

**Born:** Around 800 BC

**Notable Work:** Approximation of the square root of 2 and the statement of a version of the Pythagorean Theorem

**2. Katyayana **

**Born:** Around 300 BC

**Notable Work:** Varttika, Vyakarana, later Sulba Sutras

**3. Pingala **

**Born:** Around 500 BC

**Notable Work:** Matrameru, binary numeral system, arithmetical triangle

**4. Aryabhata **

**Born:** Between 476-550 CE

**Notable works:** Aryabhaṭiya, Arya-siddhanta

**Notable Ideas:** Explanation of lunar eclipse and solar eclipse, rotation of Earth on its axis, reflection of light by moon, sinusoidal functions, solution of single variable quadratic equation, value of π correct to 4 decimal places, circumference of Earth to 99.8% accuracy, calculation of the length of sidereal year.

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**5. Varahamihira **

**Born:** Between 505–587 CE

**Notable Work:** Pancha-Siddhāntikā, Brihat-Samhita, Brihat Jataka

**6. Yativrsabha**

**Born:** Around 6th-century CE

**Known for:** Mathematician and writer of the book Tiloyapannatti which gives various units for measuring distances and time and postulated different concepts about infinity

**7. Brahmagupta**

**Born:** Between 598–670 CE

**Known for:** Zero, Modern number system, Brahmagupta's theorem, Brahmagupta's identity, Brahmagupta's problem, Brahmagupta-Fibonacci identity, Brahmagupta's interpolation formula, Brahmagupta's formula

**8. Bhaskara I **

**Born:** Between 600–680 CE

**Known for:** Sine approximation formula

**9. Shridhara **

**Born:** Between 650–850 CE

**Contribution:** Gave a rule for finding the volume of a sphere

**10. Mahavira **

**Born:** 9th century CE

**Notable Work:** His work is a highly syncopated approach to algebra and the emphasis in much of his text is on developing the techniques necessary to solve algebraic problems.

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**11. Pavuluri Mallana **

**Born:** 11th century CE

**Notable Work:** He translated Ganitasara Samgraham, a mathematical treatise of Mahivaracharya, into Telugu as Sara Sangraha Ganitamu.

**12. Bhaskara II **

**Born:** 1114–1185 CE

**Known for:** Discovery of the principles of differential calculus and its application to astronomical problems and computations

**13. Narayana Pandit**

**Born: **Between 1340–1400 CE

**Notable Work: **Arithmetical treatise called Ganita Kaumudi ; Algebraic treatise called Bijganita Vatamsa

**14. Madhava of Sangamagrama**

**Born:** 1340-1350 CE

**Known for:** Discovery of power series expansions of trigonometric sine, cosine and arctangent functions

**Notable work:** Golavada, Madhyamanayanaprakara, Venvaroha

**15. Parameshvara**

**Born:** Between AD 1360–1455

**Notable Work:** Discovered drk-ganita, a mode of astronomy based on observations

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**16. Nilakantha Somayaji**

**Born:** Around AD1444

**Notable Work:** Golasara, Candrachayaganita, Aryabhatiya-bhashya, Tantrasamgraha Raghunatha Siromani

**17. Shankara Variyar **

**Born:** Around AD1530

**Notable Work:** Yukti-dipika - an extensive commentary in verse on Tantrasamgraha based on Yuktibhasa; Laghu-vivrti - a short commentary in prose on Tantrasamgraha; Kriya-kramakari - a lengthy prose commentary on Lilavati of Bhaskara II

**18. Jyeshtadeva**

**Born:** Around AD1500

**Known for:** Authorship of Yuktibhaṣa

**Notable work:** Yuktibhāṣā, Drkkarana

**19. Munishvara **

**Born:** Around 17th century

**Notable Work:** Produced accurate sine tables

**20. Kamalakara **

**Born:** Around AD 1657

**Notable Work:** Combined traditional Indian astronomy with Aristotelian physics and Ptolemaic astronomy as presented by Islamic scientists; Given formulae for sin(A/2) and sin(A/4) in terms of sin(A) and iterative formulae for sin(A/3) and sin(A/5); Given a table for finding the right ascension of a planet from its longitude.

**21. Jagannatha Samrat **

**Born:** Around AD1730

**Notable Work:** Siddhanta-samrat, Yantra-prakara

**22. Radhanath Sikdar **

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**Born:** Around 1813 AD

**Known for:** Calculated height of Mount Everest

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**23. Pathani Samanta **

**Born:** 11 January, 1835-36 AD

**Known for:** Naked eye astronomy

**24. Ganesh Prasad **

**Born:** 15 November, 1876 AD

**Known for:** Establishing the culture of organised mathematical research in India

**Notable work:** A Treatise on Spherical Harmonics and the Functions of Bessel and Lame

**25. Srinivasa Ramanujan **

**Born:** 22 December 1887

**Known for**: Landau–Ramanujan constant; Mock theta functions; Ramanujan conjecture; Ramanujan prime; Ramanujan–Soldner constant; Ramanujan theta function; Ramanujan's sum; Rogers–Ramanujan identities; Ramanujan's master theorem

**26. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis **

**Born:** 29 June 1893

**Known for:** Mahalanobis distance Feldman–Mahalanobis model

**27. Subbayya Sivasankaranarayana Pillai**

**Born:** April 5, 1901

**Known for:** Pillai's conjecture; Pillai's arithmetical function; Pillai prime

**28. Raj Chandra Bose **

**Born:** 19 June 1901

**Known for:** Association scheme; Bose–Mesner algebra; Euler's conjecture on Latin squares; strongly regular graphs; Partial Geometries; Morse code

**29. Samarendra Nath Roy **

**Born:** 11 December 1906

**Known for:** Multivariate analysis

**30. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar **

**Born:** 19 October 1910

**Known for:** Chandrasekhar limit; Chandra X-ray Observatory; Chandrasekhar friction; Chandrasekhar number; Chandrasekhar tensor; Chandrasekhar equation; Chandrasekhar virial equations; Chandrasekhar's Variational Principle; 1958 Chandra; Schonberg–Chandrasekhar limit

**31. S. S. Shrikhande **

**Born:** 19 October 1917

**Known for:** Euler's conjecture

**32. Prahladbhai Chunilal Vaidya**

**Born:** 23 May 1918

**Known for:** Vaidya Metric, Vaidya–Patel solution, Einstein field equations

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**33. Anil Kumar Gain**

Born: 1 February 1919

Known for: Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient Vidyasagar University

**34. C. R. Rao**

**Born:** 10 September 1920

**Known for:** Cramér–Rao bound, Rao–Blackwell theorem, Orthogonal arrays, Score test

**35. Harish chandra**

**Born:** 11 October 1923

Known for: Harish-Chandra's c-function;Harish-Chandra's character formula; Harish-Chandra homomorphism; Harish-Chandra isomorphism; Harish-Chandra module; Harish-Chandra's regularity theorem; Harish-Chandra's Schwartz space; Harish Chandra transform; Harish-Chandra's Ξ function

**36. Raghu Raj Bahadur**

**Born:** 30 April 1924

**Known for:** Bahadur efficiency; Anderson–Bahadur algorithm; Bahadur-Ghosh-Kiefer representation

**37. Gopinath Kallianpur**

**Born:** April 25, 1925

**Known for:** Fisher consistency

**38. Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar**

**Born:** July 22, 1930

**Known for:** Abhyankar's conjecture, Abhyankar's lemma, Abhyankar–Moh theorem

**39. C.S. Seshadri**

**Born:** February 29, 1932

**Known for:** Seshadri constant; Narasimhan–Seshadri theorem;standard monomial theory

**40. K. S. S. Nambooripad**

**Born:** 6 April 1935

**41. Vinod Behari Johri**

**Born:** 10 June 1935

**Known for:** Power law inflation in Brans–Dicke theory; Theory of integrated tracking of quintessence fields of dark energy;Phantom cosmologies

**42. K. R. Parthasarathy**

**Born:** 25 June 1936

**Known for:** Quantum stochastic calculus

**43. Veeravalli S. Varadarajan**

**Born:** May 1937

**Known for:** Trombi–Varadarajan theorem

**44. Vasanti N. Nayak**

**Born:** 10 June 1938

**Known for:** Combinatorial design and Graph Theory

**45. Srinivasa Varadhan**

**Born:** 2 January 1940

**Known for:** Martingale problems; large deviation theory

**46. Vashishtha Narayan Singh**

Born: April 2, 1942

**Known for:** Reproducing Kernels and Operators with a Cyclic Vector

**47. Siddani Bhaskara Rao**

**Born:** 1943

**Known for:** Frequency partition,Line graphs, Degree sequences

**48. N. M. Singhi**

**Born:** 1949

**Known for:** Combinatorics and Graph Theory

**Sujatha Ramdorai**

**Known for:** non-commutative Iwasawa theory, Arithmetic of Algebraic varieties

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**49. Narendra Krishna Karmarkar**

**Born:** 1957

**Known for:** Karmarkar's algorithm

**50. Manindra Agrawal**

**Born:** 20 May, 1966

**Known for:** AKS primality test

**51. Chandrashekhar Khare**

**Born:** 1968

**Known for:** Proof of Serre conjecture

**52. Subhash Khot**

**Known for:** Unique games conjecture

**53. Dr. Neena Gupta**

**Known for:** Providing a counter-example over a field of positive characteristic to the special Zariski Cancellation Problem

In the above list of Indian Mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.