Sarojini Naidu was born on 13 February, 1879 in Hyderabad to a philosopher and scientist Aghor Nath Chattopadhyay and Barada Sundari Devi. She was also known as "Nightingale of India" or “Bharatiya Kokila” and was an Indian Independence activist, poet and politician. Do you know at the childhood stage she wrote a play "Maher Muneer" and due to it she earned a scholarship and went to abroad for further studies? Let us study more interesting facts about Sarojini Naidu on her birth anniversary.
Born: 13 February, 1879
Place of Birth: Hyderabad
Father: Aghore Nath Chattopadhyay
Mother: Barada Sundari Devi
Spouse: Padipati Govindarajulu Naidu
Children: 4 namely Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer and Leilamani
Studied at: University of Madras, London King's College, Cambridge
Associations and Movements: Indian National Congress, Indian National Movement and Indian Independence Movement
Political ideology: Right-winged, Non-Violence
Publications: The Golden Threshold (1905), The Bird of Time (1912), Mohammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity (1916), The Broken Wing (1917), The Feather of the Dawn (1961), The Indian Fantasy, Ecstasy, The Queen’s Rival, The Royal Tombs of Golconda, The Snake Charmer etc.
Death: 2 March, 1949
Memorial or Institutions: Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Sarojini Naidu College for Women, Sarojini Naidu School of Arts and Communication, University of Hyderabad, India
10 Interesting facts about Sarojini Naidu
1. At the age of 12, she started a career in literature. She wrote a play namely "Maher Muneer" and earned recognitions, praises from all over the world. She went for higher education in London and Cambridge at the early age. This play also impressed the Nawab of Hyderabad and gained popularity.
2. She received scholarship at the age of 16 from the Nizam of Hyderabad and went to London King's College. There, Nobel Laureates Arthur Simon and Edmond Gausse advised her to focus on Indian themes for writing. To depict her poetry, she covered Indian Contemporary life and events. No doubt she became an incredible poet of the 20th century by expressing her feelings, emotions and her experiences through poems.
3. In London, during her college days she fell in love with Padipati Govindarajulu Naidu a non-Brahmin and a physician. She was brave enough and showed honesty for her love and got married at the age of 19 in 1898. She had four children namely Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer and Leilaman.
4. Her political career started in 1905 when she became the part of Indian National Movement. In India in 1915-18, she travelled different regions, places and deliver lectures on social welfare, women's empowerment and nationalism. In 1917, she established Women's Indian Association (WIA).
5. In 1925, she became the president of Indian National Congress. She participated in Salt Satyagraha in 1930 and in South Africa she also presided the East African Indian Congress.
6. Do you know that British government also awarded her the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal for her work during the plague epidemic in India? She played an important role in Quit India Movement. During this period, British government arrested and put her in jail.
7. In 1905, her first collection of poems was published named 'The Golden Threshold'. Also, in 1961, Padmaja Naidu the daughter of Sarojini Naidu, published her second collection of poems named 'The Feather of the Dawn' which was written in 1927.
8. Sarojini Naidu became the first women governor of India and served as the governor of United Provinces of Agra and Awadh from 1947 to 1949.
9. Several institutions like Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Sarojini Naidu College for Women, Sarojini Naidu School of Arts and Communication, Sarojini Devi Eye hospital have been attributed to the most influential personality of India i.e. Sarojini Naidu.
10. She died on 2 March, 1949 due to cardiac arrest at the Government House in Lucknow. She had been the strongest advocate of the Father of the Nation "Gandhiji" and had supported him in every ideology to make India free form the British rule. She was nick named as Mahatma Gandhi’s “Mickey Mouse”.
It is not wrong to say that she was one of the influential personalities of India and lived a glorious life.
"We want deeper sincerity of motive, a greater courage in speech and earnestness in action" - Sarojini Naidu