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CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus for Board Exam 2019

Dec 20, 2018 15:23 IST
    CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2018-2019
    CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2018-2019

    For many students of CBSE Class 10, Maths can be a tricky and complex subject to prepare for. Such students should try to make the right strategy for their board exam preparations. CBSE syllabus for class 10 Maths contains all the necessary information to help students plan their preparation in right direction so that they can be able to write their exam correctly.

    In this article, we are providing the CBSE Class 10 Mathematics syllabus for board exam 2019. This syllabus is according to the assessment structure that was introduced in class 10 from the last academic session. Under this assessment scheme the board examinations were made mandatory for all students of CBSE Class 10. Now students are assessed on the basis of a final exam in all scholastic subjects which carries 100 marks with an 80 marks component for class 10 Board examination and a 20 marks component for Internal Assessment (IA). IA comprises Periodic Tests (PT) with weightage of 10 marks, Notebook Submission of 5 marks and Subject Enrichment Activities of 5 marks. Students must know the entire syllabus before starting preparing for the exams.

    In the CBSE Class 10 syllabus 2018-2019, you will find:

    • Topics to be studied during the complete course
    • Weightage allotted to each unit
    • Question paper design for the board examination
    • Components of Internal Assessment
    • Prescribed books

    Find below the complete syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Mathematics:


    CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Unit-Wise Weightage


    Unit Name


























    CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Course Structure:


    1. Real Numbers  (15 Periods)

    Euclid’s division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - statements after  reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of irrationality ofsquare root, irrationality of square roots, class 10 real numbers Decimal representation of rational numbers in terms of terminating/non-terminating recurring decimals.


    1. Polynomials  (7 Periods)

    Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.

    2. Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables (15 Periods)

     Pair of linear equations in two variables and graphical method of their solution, consistency/inconsistency.

    Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically - by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication method. Simple situational problems. Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations.

    3. Quadratic Equations (15 Periods)

    Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0). Solutions of quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, by completing the square and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.

    Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day to day activities to be incorporated.

    4. Arithmetic Progressions (8 Periods)

    Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of an A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems.


    1. Lines (In two-dimensions) (14 Periods)

    Review: Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division). Area of a triangle.


    1. Triangles (15 Periods)

     Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.

    1. (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.

    2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.

    3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.

    4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.

    5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.

    6. (Motivate) If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.

    7. (Prove) The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of their corresponding sides.

    8. (Prove) In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.

    9. (Prove) In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angles opposite to the first side is a right angle.

    2. Circles (8 Periods)

     Tangent to a circle at, point of contact.

    1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

    2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.

    3. Constructions (8 Periods)

    1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally).

    2. Tangents to a circle from a point outside it.

    3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.


    1. Introduction to Trigonometry (10 Periods)

    Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0o and 90o. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30o, 45o and 60o. Relationships between the ratios.

    2. Trigonometric Identities (15 Periods)

     Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1. Only simple identities to be given. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.

    3.  Heights and Distances: Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression. (8 Periods)

    Simple problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30o, 45o, 60o.


    1. Areas Related to Circles (12 Periods)

     Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only. Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle should be taken.)

    2. Surface Areas and Volumes (12 Periods)

    1. Surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.

    2. Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems. (Problems with combination of not more than two different solids be taken).


    1. Statistics (18 Periods)

    Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.

    2. Probability (10 Periods)

    Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on single events (not using set notation).




    Mathematics (Code No. 041)            Time : 3 hrs                                         Marks: 80

    Typology of Questions

    Number of questions of different types

    Total Marks

    Remembering (Knowledge based-

    Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles or theories; Identify, define, or recite, information)

    VSA – 2


    SA (I) - 2

    SA (II) - 2

    LA - 2

    Understanding (Comprehension- to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase, or interpret information)

    VSA – 2


    SA (I) – 1

    SA (II) – 1

    LA - 4

    Application (Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situation; Use given content interpret a situation, provide example, or solve a problem)

    VSA – 2


    SA (I) – 2

    SA (II) – 3

    LA - 1

    Higher Order Thinking Skills

    (Analysis & Synthesis-Classify,compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information; Organize and /or integrate unique pieces of information

    from  variety of sources)

    VSA - None


    SA (I) – 1

    SA (II) – 4

    LA - None

    Evaluation ( Judge, and/or justify

    the value or worth of a decision or

    outcome, or to predict outcomes based on values)

    VSA – None


    SA (I) – None

    SA (II) – None

    LA -1




    Abbreviations used are:

    VSA: Very Short Answer (1 Mark)

    SA (I): Short Answer –I (2 Marks)

    SA (II): Short Answer –II (3 Marks)

    LA (I): Long Answer (4 Marks) 

    Internal Assessment

    20 Marks

    Periodical Test        

    10 Marks

    Note Book Submission

    05 Marks

    Lab Practical (Lab activities to be done from the prescribed books)

    05 Marks


    1. Mathematics - Textbook for class X - NCERT Publication

    2. Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, class X - CBSE Publication

    3. Laboratory Manual - Mathematics, secondary stage - NCERT Publication

    4. Mathematics exemplar problems for class X, NCERT publication.

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