Get, detailed solutions to the questions of the chapter Nuclei from NCERT textbooks. The objective is to helping students regarding the pattern of answering the question as per the cbse latest marking scheme. Cbse.jagranjosh.com provided you NCERT solutions for classes 12th math and science subjects.
Some questions of this chapter are given here.
Q. Obtain the binding energy (in MeV) of a nitrogen nucleus (14 )7N,
given m (14 )7N =14.00307 u
Binding energy of 7N14 = ΔMc2
Mass defect = [mass of 7 protons + mass of 7 neutrons – actual mass of N]
= [14.11543 – 14.00307]
= 0.11236 u
Binding energy = 0.11236 u x 931.5 MeV / u
= 104.66 MeV
Q. A given coin has a mass of 3.0 g. Calculate the nuclear energy that would be required to separate all the neutrons and protons from each other. For simplicity assume that the coin is entirely made of 63 29Cu atoms (of mass 62.92960 u).
Mass of coin = 0.003 kg
Mass of 29Cu63 = 62.9296 u
= 1.045261 x 10-25 kg
No. of Cu atoms in given sample
D = 0.003 / 1.045261 x 10-25
= 2.8701 x 1022 atoms
Mass defect of 1 Cu atom = 0.591935
BE of 1 Cu atom = 0.591935 x 931.5 = 551.387 MeV
BE of D atoms = 2.8701 x 1022 x 551.387
= 1.583 x 1025 MeV
= 2.53 x 1012 J