UPSC: Gujarati is one of the 28 language literature subjects offered as optional by UPSC. The Gujarati language is included in the eighth schedule of the Constitution of India. It has been given the status of an official language of the Union of India. All the candidates choosing Gujarati literature as optional have to attempt both the optional papers in Gujarati script.
UPSC Optional Syllabus for Gujarati Literature Paper I
Section A: Gujarati Language: Form and history
- History of Gujarati Language with special reference to New Indo-Aryan i.e. last one thousand years.
- Significant features of the Gujarati language: Phonology, morphology and syntax.
- Major dialects: Surti, Pattani, charotari and Saurashtri.
→ History of Gujarati Literature
- Jaina tradition
- Bhakti tradition: Sagun and Nirgun (Jnanmargi)
- Non-sectarian tradition (Laukik parampara)
- Sudharak yug
- Pandit yug
- Gandhi yug
- Anu-Gandhi yug
- Adhunik yug
Literary Forms : (Salient features, history and development of the following literary forms):
- Narratives: Rasa, Akhyan and Padyavarta
- Lyrical: Pada
- Fiction: Novel and short story
- Literary Essay
- Lyrical Poetry
- History of theoretical Gujarati criticism
- Recent research in folk tradition
UPSC Optional Syllabus for Gujarati Literature Paper II
The paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the critical ability of the candidate.
(i) Vasantvilas phagu-Ajnatkrut
(iv) Chandrachandravatini varta-Shamal
- Sudharakyug & Pandityug
(vi) Mari Hakikat-Narmadashankar Dave
(vii) Farbasveerah- Dalpatram
(viii) Saraswatichandra-Part-I Govar-dhanram Tripathi
(ix) Purvalap- 'Kant' (Manishankar Ratnaji Bhatt)
(x) Raino Parvat-Ramanbhai Neel-kanth
- Gandhiyug & Anu Gandhiyug
(i) Hind Swaraj-Mohandas Kar-machand Gandhi
(ii) Patanni Prabhuta- Kanhaiyalal Munshi
(iii) Kavyani Shakti- Ramnarayan Vish-wanath Pathak
(iv) Saurashtrani Rasdhar Part 1- Zaver-chand Meghani
(v) Manvini Bhavai-Pannalal Patel
(vi) Dhvani-Rajendra Shah
- Adhunik yug
(vii) Saptapadi-Umashankar Joshi
(viii) Janantike- Suresh Joshi
(ix) Ashwatthama- Sitanshu Yash-aschandra
Candidates should solve previous years’ question papers as well as from mock tests to be able to score high marks in the UPSC Gujarati Literature exam.