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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 26 February 2018

Feb 26, 2018 18:10 IST
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 26 February 2018
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 26 February 2018

    To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Consider the following statements related to the Ombudsman Scheme for Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) 2018 that was launched recently.
    1) At present, the scheme covers all types of Non-Banking Financial Companies.
    2) A complainant can approach the Ombudsman only after registering a complaint with the concerned NBFC.
    3) NBFC Ombudsman will charge a fee at the rate of 0.1% of the ‘money’ involved in the dispute.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 2 only
    b) 1 and 3 only
    c) 2 and 3 only
    d) None of them

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    In Februay 2018, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) launched Ombudsman Scheme for Non-Banking Financial Companies, 2018.

    Features of the scheme

    • The scheme will offer a speedy and cost-free complaint redressal mechanism relating to deficiency in the services by NBFCs.

    • It will cover all deposit-taking NBFCs for now and based on the result and experience gained, it would extend the scheme to cover those NBFCs who have the asset size of Rs. 100 crore and above with customer interface.

    • It will provide an appellate mechanism under which the complainant/ NBFC has the option to appeal against the decision of the Ombudsman before the Appellate Authority.

    • For redressal of grievance under Ombudsman Scheme, the complainant must first approach the concerned NBFC.

    • If the NBFC does not reply within a period of 30 days (one month) after receipt of the complaint from the complainant or the NBFC rejects the complaint, or if the complainant is not happy with the reply given by the NBFC, then the complainant can file the complaint with the NBFC Ombudsman.

    • NBFC Ombudsman will not charge any fee for filing and resolving customers’ complaints.

    About NBFC

    Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) means a ‘non-banking financial company’, as defined in Section 45-I(f) of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, and registered with the Reserve Bank under Section 45-IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, which

    (a) Is authorised to accept deposits, or

    (b) Has customer interface, with assets size of one billion rupees or above as on the date of the audited balance sheet date of the previous financial year, or of any such asset size as the RBI may prescribe.

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    2. Consider the following statements related to Dhanush missile that was successfully test-fired recently.
    1) It is a nuclear capable ballistic missile.
    2) It is an air-to-air missile and can be used as an anti ship missile only.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    India on February 23, 2018 successfully test-fired the surface-to-surface Dhanush ballistic missile from a naval ship off Odisha’s coast. The test-fire was conducted by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of the Indian Army and monitored by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The SFC is responsible for the management and administration of the country's tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpile. It was created in January 2003.

    About Dhanush missile

    • It is one of the five missiles developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP).

    • The single-stage, liquid-propelled missile has already been inducted into the defence services.

    • It is capable of carrying a payload of 500 kg and hitting both land and sea-based targets.

    • The missile can be used as an anti-ship weapon as well as for destroying land targets depending on the range.

    Ballistic vs. Cruise missile

    • While a ballistic missile has a ballistic (arc-like) trajectory  over most of its flight path, a cruise missile can fly in a relatively straight line. A cruise missile also has high maneuvering capability.

    • While a ballistic missile travels at higher altitudes, a cruise missile travels at lower altitudes.

    • While ballistic missiles are used for long distances, a cruise missile is used for short distances.

    • While Prithvi, Agni and Dhanush are ballistic missiles, BRAHMOS is the only known versatile supersonic cruise missile system that is in service.

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    3. Consider the following statements related to TAPI gas pipeline project that was in the news recently.
    1) Tajikistan is one of the partnering countries of the project.
    2) It will transport natural gas from the Caspian Sea to Pakistan and India.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. b

    Explanation:

    In February 2018, work on the Afghanistan section of Turkmenistan, Afghansitatn, Pakistan and India (TAPI) gas pipeline project began. The ceremony was attended by Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani and President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, Pakistani Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi and India’s Minister of state for external affairs Shri MJ Akbar.

    About TAPI gas pipeline project

    • The Turkmenistan–Afghanistan–Pakistan–India Pipeline, also known as Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline, is a natural gas pipeline being developed by the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The pipeline will transport Caspian Sea natural gas from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan into Pakistan and then to India.

    • On April 24, 2008 the four countries signed a framework agreement to buy natural gas from Turkmenistan.

    • The intergovernmental agreement on the pipeline was signed on December 11, 2010 in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. However, India and Afghanistan, in April 2012, failed to agree on transit fee for gas passing through Afghan territory. Consequently, Pakistan and India too could not agree on the transit fee for the segment of the pipeline passing through Pakistan, which has linked its fee structure to any India-Afghanistan agreement.

    • On May 16, 2012 the Afghan Parliament approved the agreement on a gas pipeline and the day after, the Indian Cabinet allowed state-run gas-firm GAIL to sign the Gas Sale and Purchase Agreement (GSPA) with Turkmengaz, Turkmenistan's national oil company.

    • Construction on the project started in Turkmenistan on 13 December 2015 and the pipeline is expected to be operational by the year 2019.

    • The capacity of the pipeline will be 33 billion cubic metres of natural gas per year of which 5 billion cubic metres will be provided to Afghanistan and 14 billion cubic metres each to Pakistan and India.

    • The pipeline will start from the Galkynysh gas field. In Afghanistan, TAPI pipeline will travel alongside the Kandahar–Herat Highway in western Afghanistan, and then via Quetta and Multan in Pakistan. The final destination of the pipeline will be the Indian town of Fazilka, near the Indo-Pak border.

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    4. Recently, India has signed a MoU with Germany for an “Implementation Agreement in Sustainable Urban Development and Smart Cities in India”. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1) The objective of the programme is to develop and apply concepts for sustainable urban development about the provision of urban basic services and housing in selected cities and Smart Cities in India.
    2) The project support to GoI will seek to achieve the set target of promoting sustainable urban development under the national urban missions/programmes such as Smart Cities Mission, linking with the Sustainable Development Goal No. 11 ‘Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable’.
    3) Experiences and learnings from previous technical cooperation measures in the area of the provision of housing and sanitation as well as solid waste management will be integrated into the new project.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 1 and 2
    c) 2 and 3
    d) 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    An Indo-German MOU has been signed for an “Implementation Agreement in Sustainable Urban Development and Smart Cities in India”, here today. The objective of the programme is to develop and apply concepts for sustainable urban development about the provision of urban basic services and housing in selected cities and Smart Cities in India.
    Speaking after signing of the MOU, Shri Hardeep Puri said that the technical cooperation measure will support approaches for sustainable urban development in the area of integrated planning, provision of affordable housing and basic services with particular focus on water, waste water and solid waste management and mobility. The ‘Sustainable Urban Development Programme - Smart Cities in India’ project is supported by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and jointly implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). The project support to Government of India will seek to achieve the set target of promoting sustainable urban development under the national urban missions/programmes such as Smart Cities Mission, linking with the Sustainable Development Goal No. 11 ‘Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable’. The German contribution to the project is up to 8 million EUR.  The project will continue for duration of three years (starting from 2018 till December 2020).

    5. India’s under-development Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Rustom-2 was successfully test-flown on 25 February 2018. Consider the following statements regarding the Rustom-2:
    1) Rustom-2 belongs to a family of UAVs under development, besides Rustom-1 and Rustom-H and it is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance drone (MALE).
    2) It can fly up to an altitude of 22,000 feet and has an endurance of over 20 hours and capable of carrying payloads for electronic and signal intelligence missions.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    India’s under-development Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Rustom-2 was successfully test-flown on Sunday by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
    “This flight assumes significance because of the fact that this is the first flight in user configuration with a higher power engine. All parameters were normal,” the DRDO said in a statement. The flight was conducted at the DRDO’s Aeronautical Test Range at Chitradurga in Karnataka.

    Rustom-2 belongs to a family of UAVs under development, besides Rustom-1 and Rustom-H. It is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance drone (MALE). It can fly up to an altitude of 22,000 feet and has an endurance of over 20 hours. It is capable of carrying payloads for electronic and signal intelligence missions.

    Currently, the three services employ hundreds of Israeli drones and have projected a requirement of hundreds of more UAVs, including armed variants, in the near future. The DRDO is also developing other drones in different categories.

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    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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