Direction (1 – 10): Each question has a set of four sequentially ordered statements. Each statement can be classified as one of the following:
• Facts (F), which deal with the pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification.
• Inferences (I), which are conclusions drawn about unknown, on the basis of the known.
• Judgments (J), which are opinions that imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future.
Select the answer option that best describes the set of four statements:
(A) Yet neither India nor the world seems to see it that way.
(B) A crowd of 10 million or more is making its way to Madison Square Garden to listen to the speech of Prime Minister Modi.
(C) All will do so in a spirit that has been missing for a while – one of optimism.
(D) Because he comes from rural India and is a visionary leader, Mr. Modi carries with him the hope of the country.
(A) Foreigners do not want to sell India aggressively because my view is they are positive on India.
(B) Foreigners own good quality stocks and I am not expecting any dramatic selling by foreigners.
(C) I am also not expecting big inflows or buying in India either. I am expecting neutral flows into India.
(D) Foreigners will buy aggressively if they see a cyclical upturn in India or if they see the government taking an aggressive action on the banking system.
(A) More than two years ago as Finance Minister, Chidambaram had asked the British government why it was not taking action against Modi, former IPL chief who had taken refuge in London after he was accused of a wide range of financial impropriety, including money laundering.
(B) Chidambaram had taken up the issue during his meeting with the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne in 2013.
(C) With the latest revelations in Modigate drawing Vasundhra Raje into the controversy, Congress spokesperson Shobha Ojha demanded that Raje and Swaraj should step down for helping Modi.
(D) He had wanted Britain to deport him as Modi's passport was impounded in India and his UK visa had run out.
(A) There have been different reports in the past that have pointed to what ails the Indian Railways.
(B) But it will be a challenging task, especially the recommendations relating to opening up to the private sector and setting up an independent regulator.
(C) For instance, in 2012 a committee headed by Sam Pitroda, then Adviser to the Prime Minister, submitted plans for the modernisation of the Railways at a cost of Rs.5.6 lakh crore over a 10-year period.
(D) The Debroy Committee report stands out in having identified definitive measures to effect a transformation, and setting a timeline.
(A) The fog is still to lift on the operation the Indian forces undertook against militant camps inside Myanmar territory bordering Manipur as the Narendra Modi government finds itself dealing with the fallout of certain comments made by one of its Ministers.
(B) Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore’s statement that the operation was a message to all countries inimical to India, predictably set off a furore in Pakistan, at a time when India-Pakistan relations are at a standstill with no sign of a dialogue in sight, levels of rhetoric have risen, much of it coming from Pakistan.
(C) After the nuclear tests in 1998, senior Minister L.K. Advani’s remarks on “hot pursuit” elicited a high-decibel response from Pakistan.
(D) This time, besides a resolution in the Pakistan Senate, the Prime Minister, the Interior Minister and the Chief of the Army Staff have all gone hammer and tongs at India.
(A) According to The Pharmaceutical Security Institute data, the incidents of counterfeit medicines increased dramatically from 196 incidents in 2002 to 2018 incidents in 2012.
(B) The data are, in part, a reflection of adequate law enforcement and regulatory oversight in countries where these reports came from.
(C) However, this figure would be even higher if resource-poor countries had adequate surveillance systems.
(D) Drug regulatory authorities and pharmaceutical companies hold records on counterfeit medicines, yet most are inaccessible.
(A) Reports that a Chinese submarine entered Karachi port, docked there for a week, criss-crossed the Arabian Sea, along the Indian waters, and returned to China have caused great concern among the Indian security officials.
(B) It is a matter of speculation as to what precisely was the mission of the People’s Liberation Army-Navy (PLA-N).
(C) For decades it used to operate close to the Chinese shores.
(D) Today it has emerged as a “blue-water force with long legs” that has been expanding its presence in the Indian Ocean region.
(A) India is the world’s largest democracy.
(B) Political parties play a major role in a democracy.
(C) They are the ones which represent the people.
(D) They should, therefore, set models of democratic functioning.
(A) Transport ministers of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and India have signed a Motor Vehicles Agreement to facilitate transportation of people and goods among the four SAARC member nations.
(B) Though a SAARC Motor Vehicle Agreement was approved during the Kathmandu summit in November 2014, it could not be signed because of reservations expressed by Pakistan.
(C) New Delhi has done well to ignore Pakistan and go ahead with a sub-regional agreement among BBIN that allows people as well as passenger and cargo vehicles to cross the borders of the signatory countries without any hassles.
(D) New Delhi must ensure the agreement is implemented with speed so that connectivity within the region contributes to the long-delayed development of India’s Northeast and also promotes Narendra Modi’s Act East policy.
(A) The operation in which the Indian Army killed some insurgents who earlier ambushed and killed some Army personnel is a milestone in the history of the Indian state.
(B) The message it gives is loud and clear: India can no longer be considered a soft state.
(C) The operation to take on the insurgents, who had already escaped to Myanmar, was swift and bold.
(D) The Army personnel went inside the Myanmar territory and in a 13-hour operation silenced the insurgents’ guns.
|Ques 1||Ques 2||Ques 3||Ques 4||Ques 5||Ques 6||Ques 7||Ques 8||Ques 9||Ques 10|
In this section we will explain the rationale for choosing the answer pertaining to every question. After reading this description, you would be able to understand the concepts of facts/ inferences/judgements easily.
Explanation (1): Clearly, only second statement is a fact and rest of them is judgment.
Explanation (2): Clearly, a last statement is an Inference and 1st, 2nd & 3rd statements are judgments
Explanation (3): Clearly, 1st, 2nd and 3rd statements are facts, and 4th statement is an inference
Explanation (4): Clearly, 1st, 3rd, and 5th are facts and 2nd statement is a judgment
Explanation (5): Clearly, 1st, 2nd, and 4th statements are Inferences and 3rd statement is a fact
Explanation (6): Clearly, the first statement is a fact and third is a judgment. The second and fourth statements are inferences
Explanation (7): Clearly, the first and the third statements are facts and the second and the fourth statement are Inferences
Explanation (8): Clearly, 1st, 2nd and 3rd statements are facts, and 4th statement is a judgment
Explanation (9): Clearly, 1st & 2nd statement is a fact, 3rd statement is an inference and 4th is a judgment
Explanation (10): Clearly, 1st & 2nd statements are Inferences, 3rd is a judgment and 4th statement is a fact
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