NDA Syllabus 2023
NDA Syllabus 2023: The UPSC releases the NDA syllabus 2023 for the National Defence Academy exam that is conducted annually by the UPSC. The NDA exam is conducted twice a year for the recruitment of suitable candidates in the Army, Navy, and Air Force wings. Candidates who are going to appear for NDA 2 exam which is scheduled for 3rd September must go through the detailed NDA syllabus that is given here so that it helps you to strategies your preparation for the exam.
NDA syllabus is divided into two sections, Maths and General Aptitude Test (GAT). NDA Maths syllabus consists of questions based on 12th standard on topics such as Calculus, Matrices and Determinants, Vector, Probability, Statistics, Three Dimension, Trigonometry, etc. NDA GAT syllabus aims to test your knowledge on the general awareness on topics such as Geography, Social Science, History, Current Affairs, etc. Get complete details on NDA syllabus for Maths and GAT here.
NDA Syllabus 2023 Overview
The major highlights of the NDA syllabus are shared in the table below here.
NDA Syllabus 2023  Overview 

Name of the Exam 
National Defence Academy (NDA) 
Exam Conducting Body 
Union Public Service Commission, UPSC 
Frequency of Exam 
Twice in a Year (April & September) 
Selection Criteria 
Written Exam consisting of Objective Type Questions Intelligence & Personality Test (SSB) 
Mode of exam 
Pen and Paper Based (Offline mode) 
Papers in NDA exam 
Mathematics General Ability Test 
Marking Scheme 
Mathematics: 300 Marks GAT: 600 Marks 
Total No. of Questions 
Mathematics: 120 GAT: 150 
Negative Marking 
Mathematics: 0.83 GAT: 1.33 marks 
Exam Duration 
2.5 Hours For Each Paper 
Medium of NDA exam 
English & Hindi (English Language paper has to be attempted in English) 
NDA Syllabus PDF 2023 Download
NDA syllabus is released by the UPSC along with the notification. The syllabus gives you complete details about the subject wise topics and sub topics that will be covered in the NDA exam. It is advisable for the candidates to download NDA syllabus PDF 2023 and save it in their devices so that they can utilise it while preparing for the xam. Here is the direct link to download the official NDA Syllabus PDF.
NDA Syllabus for Girls
NDA exam is one of the most sought after exams that is taken by lakhs of male and female candidates who have passed/appearing class 12th. There is no difference between the NDA syllabus for girls and boys. The NDA syllabus for Girls is Mathmatics and General Ability Test (GAT) which is similar to that of the boys.
Go through the following NDA related articles:
NDA Syllabus for Paper 1: Maths Syllabus
NDA syllabus for Paper 1 is the Maths syllabus The entire Maths syllabus is based on 10+2 level. Candidates can get their doubts cleared by practicing questions from Maths NCERT books. The Maths syllabus consists of a toal of 120 questions where candidates get 2.5 marks for ech correct answer while a negative marking of 0.83 is done for an incorrect answer. The important topics fro NDA Maths syllabus are as follows:
NDA Maths Syllabus 

NDA Maths Syllabus Topics 
Details 
Algebra 
Sets, Venn Diagram, De Morgan Law, Cartesian Product, Representation of real numbers on a line, Complex numbers, Cube roots of unity, Binary system of numbers, Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and viceversa, Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their applications 
Matrices and Determinants 
Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, ApplicationsSolution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method. 
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations 
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals Order and degree of a differential equation, General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types, Application in problems of growth and decay 
Vector 
Vectors in 2D and 3D, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors 
Statistics 
Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution, Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon, Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison. Correlation and regression 
Probability 
Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events, Elementary theorems on probability, Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem. Binomial distribution 
Trigonometry 
Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians, Trigonometrical ratio, Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Submultiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. ApplicationsHeight and distance, properties of triangles 
2Dand 3D Geometry 
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere 
Differential Calculus 
Real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, Limit,. Continuity of functions, Geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative, Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima. 
NDA Syllabus for Paper 2
NDA syllabus for Paper 2 is the General Aptitude Test (GAT). This paper is aimed to test the candidate’s basic knowledge on current affairs, History, Polity, Environment, defence schemes, summits, etc. NDA GAT Syllabus is for a total of 600 marks whereby 150 questions are asked in it. Out of this, 50 questions are from the English Language while the rest covers General Knowledge questions.
NDA GAT Syllabus 2023
In the following table, we have shared the complete NDA GAT syllabus for the following topics. The following topics will let you plan your preparation strategy for the NDA exam.
 NDA English Syllabus
 NDA Physics Syllabus
 NDA Chemistry Syllabus
 NDA General Science Syllabus
 NDA History, Freedom Movement etc Syllabus
 NDA Geography Syllabus
 NDA Current Events Syllabus
The topic wise detailed NDA GAT syllabus is given below for each subject.
NDA Current Affairs Syllabus
The candidates must have good knowledge about the latest happenings in and around the world. Knowledge about both India and the world is required for this subject. In addition ot this, candidates should also be well known about the latest research and developments, and important summits held. To prepare current affairs, candidates should make it a habit to keep track of all the latest happenings through newspapers and magazines.
NDA English Syllabus
NDA English syllabus is aimed to test the candidate’s knowledge on various aspects of this subject. Questions will be asked from vocabulary, comprehension, sentence completion, active passive voice, direct and indirect speech, etc. The candidate’s proficiency in this subject will be tested.
NDA Physics Syllabus
NDA Physics syllabus will have around 2025 questions based on several topics that are a part of Physics subject. Some of the important topics are Matter, Density, Gravitation, Mirror, Pulley, Power and Energy, Temperature and Heat, Sound Waves, etc.
NDA Syllabus for Physics 

Force and Momentum 
Motion of objects 
Gravitation 
Effects of Heat 
Sound waves and their properties 
Magnets 
Simple Electrical Circuits 
Measurement of Temperature and Heat 
Ohm’s Law 
Primary and Secondary Cells 
Principles in the Working of Pulley, Pendulum, Lightening Conductors, Fuses, Hydrometer, etc. 
Reflection and refraction 
Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye 
Power and Energy 
Principle of Archimedes 
NDA Chemistry Syllabus
NDA Chemistry syllabus aims to test your basic knowledge of Chemistry and its applications in daily use. Questions from Physical and Chemical changes, Metals and No Metals, Environment, Acid, Bases and Salts, Chemical Reactions are asked in it. Check the list of the important topics of Chemistry for NDA exam in the table below.
NDA Syllabus for Chemistry 

Physical and Chemical changes 
Mixtures and Compounds 
Law of Chemical Combination 
Valency 
Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights 
Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations 
Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun 25 Powder 
Mixtures and Compounds 
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbondioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts 
NDA General Science Syllabus
General science Syllabus for NDA exam covers the basic questions of Science that are to be known by any student preparing for the exam. Questions based on common food diseases, solar system, reproduction, inventions and discovering, etc are asked in it. Check the list of important topics for NDA General Science in the table below.
NDA General Science Syllabus 

Difference between the living and nonliving 
Cell 
Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs 
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals 
Solar System 
Achievements of Eminent Scientists 
Constituents of food 
Common Epidemics their causes and Prevention 
Food 
NDA History, Freedom Movement Syllabus
NDA History, Freedom Movement syllabus shall be basd on the integral events that took place during the Indian Freedom Movement such as the formation of the Consitution, Gandhi’s principle, the revolt of 1857, Panchayati Raj, Five Year Plan, etc. The important topics for NDA History, and Freedom Movement are shared in the table below.
NDA Syllabus for History, Freedom Movement 

Freedom Movement in India 
Elementary Study of the Indian Constitution and Administration 
Panchayati Raj 
Forces Shaping the modern world 
Socialism and Communism 
War of American Independence 
French Revolution 
Role of India in the present world 
National Integration and Welfare State 
FiveYear Plans of India 
Survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation 
Democracy 
National Integration and Welfare State 
Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi 
Constitution and Administration 
NDA Geography Syllabus
NDA Geography syllabus consists of the topics that you have studied up to class 12th. It constitutes Earth, important geographical features of India, Earthquake and Volcanoes, Climate, etc.
NDA Syllabus for Geography 

The Earth, its shape and size 
Latitudes and Longitudes 
Origin of Earth 
Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure 
Planetary Winds 
Weathering 
Regional Geography of India 
Important Sea ports and main sea 
Main items of Imports and Exports of India 
Types of Climate 
Earthquakes and Volcanoes 
Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its Composition 
Important Books to Prepare NDA Syllabus
Preparing for NDA exam requires having the best books as per NDA syllabus so that one can get maximum knowledge out of it. Here are the best books for NDA Maths and GAT papers.
NDA Books for Maths 

Subjects 
Name and Author of the Book 
Mathematics 
Mathematics for NDA and NA: National Defence Academy and Naval Academy by RS Aggarwal Quantitative aptitude for competitive examinations by RS Aggarwal NCERT Class 11 and 12th Maths Books 
GAT 
History Of Modern India (History) by Bipan Chandra Science and Technology in India (Science and Technology) by Kalpana Rajaram: Spectrum Objective General English for Competitive Exams by S P Bakshi Manorama Yearbook by Mammen Mathew 
NDA Exam Pattern 2023
NDA exam consists of three stages, a written exam followed by SSB and a medical test. It is mandatory to qualify each stage of the NDA exam to be able to be appointed into the defence forces of the country. The NDA written exam is for a total of 900 marks and is divided into two parts, Mathematics and GAT. NDA GAT is further divided into English and General Awareness or General Knowledge Test. The candidates who will qualify the written exam will appear for the SSB interview and medical test.
NDA Exam Pattern 

Subject 
Marks 
Number of questions 
Duration of test 
Mathematics 
300 
120 
2 ½ 
GAT 
600 
150 
2 ½ 
Total 
900 
270 
5 hours 
NDA Marking Scheme
The marking scheme for NDA exam has been prescribed by the UPSC. There is a negative marking of in both papers of NDA exam, i.e. Maths and GAT. Check the table below to know about the subject wise NDA marking scheme.
NDA Paper 
Marks for the correct answer 
Marks incorrect answer 
Mathematics 
2.5 
0.83 
GAT 
4 
1.33 