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UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Exam Syllabus 2018

Apr 25, 2018 11:46 IST
    UPSC IAS Exam Syllabus 2018
    UPSC IAS Exam Syllabus 2018

    UPSC IAS Exam has two stages but the candidates perceive it as a three-stage exam that is IAS Prelims, IAS Mains and IAS Interview. The IAS Syllabus for all the three stages of exam is different from one another and hence needs a deeper look to understand the requirement of each stage of IAS Exam.

    In IAS Prelims, UPSC tests the analytical ability as well the ability to understand the logic of the candidates. In IAS Prelims Exam, there are only two question papers. First is the General Studies paper I and the second is General Studies Paper II. Both papers have the maximum tie limit of two hours and the General Studies Paper II, which is popularly called as IAS CSAT, is only qualifying in nature.

    IAS Selection Process

    IAS Main Exam has four general studies paper, two compulsory language paper, One Essay paper and two papers of Optional subject. It is a descriptive type of exam and has totally enhanced version of IA Prelims exam.UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Syllabus is one of the essential components of UPSC IAS Exam. A better understanding of UPSC Civil Services (IAS)syllabus must be a priority for IAS aspirants at the beginning of IAS preparation. A better strategy for IAS Exam can be made out only after the understanding of UPSC Syllabus.

    UPSC Civil Services (IAS) syllabus is so vast and it has been designed in a manner so that the IAS aspirant’s expertise and proficiency in various subjects can easily be assessed.  The main objective of the syllabus is to test the mental ability of IAS aspirants and their preparedness to deal with the issues arising out in a society or in a country as a whole. For this, an IAS aspirant must have a clear and coherent understanding of various issues which affects the masses in the country. Time to time, we provide better guidelines and every possible solution for the IAS aspirants so that they can find no difficulty while preparing for IAS Exam. For the beginners, our strategy and continued guidance will help them a lot to find a better way to crack the IAS Exam.

    IAS Preliminary Exam 2018 Model Question Paper I

    The UPSC Civil Services (IAS) syllabus is divided into three sections in a line with the three phases of Civil Services IAS Exam i.e. IAS Prelims, IAS Mains and IAS Interview (PT). By studying and analysing the UPSC Civil Services (IAS) syllabus and the previous year question papers, an IAS aspirant can partially decode the pattern of UPSC IAS Exam. Hence, they can chalk out the better strategy which can take less time to crack this coveted exam. So, while doing IAS preparation, an IAS aspirant should keep the syllabus beside them so that they can avoid the irrelevant topic by picking up the most relevant topics for UPSC IAS Exam. Now, go through the UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Syllabus for IAS Prelims Exam and IAS Mains Exam.

    UPSC IAS Syllabus for Prelims Exam 2018: General Studies Paper I

    Marks: 200

    Duration:  2 hours

    Sl. No

    Subject-wise Division

    Detailed Syllabus



    History of India and Indian Freedom Struggle

    Ancient History of India

    Medieval History of India

    Modern History 1857 to 1947

    Indian National Movement



    Geography of India and

    Concept of Physical Geography

    Physical Geography

    Human Geography

    Economic Geography

    World Geography



    Indian Polity and Governance issues

    Union Executives

    State Executives

    Federalism in India

    Judicial System

    Panchayati Raj



    Indian Economy and Social Development

    Basic Principles of Indian Economy

    Social Schemes of Government

    Social Development through Economic Empowerment

    Sustainable Development



    Environment and Ecology

    Principles of Environment and Ecology

    General Principles

    Climate Change and

    Climate Summits and Conferences


    General Science

    Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Technology

    General Principles

    Latest Science and Technological Development


    Current Events

    It covers all the events of National and International Importance

    Current Affairs

    Current Affairs with all Dimensions

    As per the trend followed by UPSC in the last few years, more focus is on current affairs. The IAS aspirants must prepare every subject in a manner so that every happening related to the static part must be covered during the process of IAS preparation.

    UPSC IAS syllabus 2018 pdf free download

    UPSC IAS Syllabus for Prelims Exam 2018: General Studies Paper II (CSAT) [Qualifying]

    Marks: 200 marks

    Duration: 2 hours

    1. Comprehension

    2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills;

    3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability

    4. Decision making and problem-solving ability

    5. General mental ability

    6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)

    7. English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).

    8. Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper-II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.

    IAS Topper's Videos

    IAS Prelims Plan of Exam

    1. The UPSC Civil Services examination comprises of three successive stages:

    (i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examinations (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates for Main Exam.

    (ii) Civil Services Mains Examination (Written) for the selection of candidates for the next level of UPSC IAS Exam.

    (iii) Civil Services Personality Test (PT)

    2. The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry each maximum of 200 marks in the subjects set out in Syllabus above. However, the General Studies Paper 2 is qualifying in nature. This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit. The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total an approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year through this examination. Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the Main Examination of the respective year otherwise they will not be eligible for admission to the Main Examination.

    IAS Main Exam Syllabus

    Sl. No.

    Name of Papers

    Syllabus Overview

    GS Paper I

    Indian Heritage and
    Culture, Indian History, World History, World Geography, Indian Society, Important Geo-physical phenomena


    GS Paper II

    Governance, Indian Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and
    International relations, Welfare Schemes, Statutory, regulatory and quasi-judicial bodies, Role of civil services in a democracy, India’s relation with neighbour countries, International institutions,


    GS Paper III

    Economic Development, Bio diversity,
    Indian Economy and its various sectors

    Government Budgeting

    Land Reforms

    Inclusive Growth

    Security and Disaster Management


    GS Paper IV

    Ethics and Human Interface



    Emotional Intelligence

    Emotional Intelligence

    Public/Civil service value

    Probity in Governance

    Case study on above topics


    Essay Paper

    Any Topic/Topics (Current issues)


    Optional Paper I

    As opted by Candidate


    Optional Paper II

    As opted by Candidate


    Language Paper

    (i) Comprehension of given passages
    (ii) Précis Writing
    (iii) Usage and Vocabulary
    (iv) Short Essays
    (v) Translation from English to the Indian
    language and vice-versa.



    Comprehension of given passages
    Précis Writing
    Usage and Vocabulary
    Short Essays

    IAS Syllabus in Detail

    List of the Optional Subjects

    The List of Optional Subjects is as follows:   


    (ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

    (iii) Anthropology

    (iv) Botany

    (v) Chemistry

    (vi) Civil Engineering

    (vii) Commerce and Accountancy

    (viii) Economics

    (ix) Electrical Engineering

    (x) Geography

    (xi) Geology

    (xii) History

    (xiii) Law

    (xiv) Management

    (xv) Mathematics

    (xvi) Mechanical Engineering

    (xvii) Medical Science

    (xviii) Philosophy

    (xix) Physics

    (xx) Political Science and International Relations

    (xxi) Psychology

    (xxii) Public Administration

    (xxiii) Sociology

    (xxiv) Statistics

    (xxv) Zoology

    Literature of any one of the languages such as Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English.

    Best Books for IAS Exam

    Scheme of IAS Main Examination

    The written examination will consist of the following papers:

    Name of Paper

    Max. Marks

    Paper-A (One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution)

     300    Marks

    Paper-B English

    300 Marks

    Papers to be counted for merit in IAS Exam:

    Name of Paper

    Subject of Paper

    Max. Marks



    250 Marks


    General Studies-I(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

    250 Marks


    General Studies -II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

    250 Marks


    General Studies -III(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

    250 Marks


    General Studies -IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

    250 Marks


    Optional Subject - Paper 1

    250 Marks


    Optional Subject - Paper 2

    250 Marks


                                 Sub Total (Written test) 

    1750 Marks


                                 Personality Test (PT)

    275 Marks


                                 Grand Total 

    2025 Marks

    The IAS aspirants must take the UPSC syllabus seriously because it plays an important role in IAS selection. An IAS aspirant can find a lot of books recommended for UPSC IAS Exam in the market but it is very important to be selective when it comes to picking up a right and relevant books for IAS.

    IAS Exam 2018: All you need to know

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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